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Table Of Contents

1.1 Indroduction
1.2.1 General considerations
1.2.2 Sources emitting a black body spectrum
1.2.3 Sources with more realistic photon distributions
1.3 Str¨omgren sphere
1.4.1 Generalization of the Str¨omgren sphere analysis
1.4.2 The photoionisation of a constant velocity wind
1.4.3 Cometary H II region
1.4.4 The initial expansion of an H II region
1.5 The structure of the ionisation front
1.6.1 The rate equations
1.6.2 Ionisation equilibrium
1.6.3 The collisional rate coefficients
1.6.4 The photoionisation rates
1.6.5 Coronal ionisation equilibrium
1.6.6 Photoionisation equilibrium
1.7 The energy balance and the heating rate
1.8.1 Introduction
1.8.2 Recombination and free-free cooling
1.8.3 Collisional ionisation
1.8.4 Collisionally excited lines
1.8.5 The 2-level atom
1.9 The temperature of an HII region
2.1 Emission lines
2.2.1 The recombination cascade
2.2.2 Including collisions
2.3.1 General formalism
2.3.2 The 3-level atom
2.3.3 Diagnostic diagrams
2.3.4 Example: plasma diagnostics with the [S II] lines
2.4.1 General considerations
2.4.2 The recombination continua
2.4.4 The two-photon continuum
3.1 General considerations
3.2 Macroscopic derivation
3.3 Fluxes
3.4 The continuity equation
3.5 The momentum equation
3.6 The energy equation
3.7.1 Using Einstein’s notation
3.7.2 In vector/tensor notation
3.7.3 Cartesian equations, all terms written explicitly
3.7.4 2D Cartesian equations, all terms written explic-
3.7.5 2D cylindrical equations, all terms written ex-
3.7.6 1D equations
3.8 Gasdynamic equations in Lagrangean form
4.1 General considerations
4.2 Sound waves
4.3 Isothermal sound waves
5.1 General considerations
5.2 Plane-parallel shock waves
5.3 Shock with radiative cooling
5.4 Oblique shock jump relations
5.5.1 Flow colliding normally with a rigid wall
5.5.2 Flow hitting a wedge
6.1 General considerations
6.2 The equations for the recombination re-
6.3 The ionisation state of the gas
6.4 The photoionisation rates
6.5 The minimal relaxation region model
6.6 The cooling distance
6.7 Preionisation
6.8 The emission line spectra of shocks com-
7.1 The final, pressure equilibrium configu-
7.2 An analytic model for the expansion
7.3 Gasdynamic simulation
7.4 The timescale for convergenceto the pres-
8.1 The general problem
8.2 The flow configuration
8.3.1 Derivation of the model equation
8.3.2 Numerical and analytic solutions
8.4.1 Derivation of the model equation
8.4.2 Numerical solutions
8.5 Summary
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The Physics of the Interstellar Medium

The Physics of the Interstellar Medium

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Published by jano71

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Published by: jano71 on Jul 25, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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