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S 3 the Phrase in Telugu Proverbs: Adjectival and Noun Phrases

S 3 the Phrase in Telugu Proverbs: Adjectival and Noun Phrases

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It lists and gives the meaning of numerous Telugu Proverb Phrases in their NOUN and ADJECTIVAL forms. This and the other two papers S 4 (Adverbial Phrasal Proverbs) and S 5 (Analogical Phrasal Proverbs) were first written in 1997 and later on published in Proverbiallinguists at Yahoogroups in 2003.
It lists and gives the meaning of numerous Telugu Proverb Phrases in their NOUN and ADJECTIVAL forms. This and the other two papers S 4 (Adverbial Phrasal Proverbs) and S 5 (Analogical Phrasal Proverbs) were first written in 1997 and later on published in Proverbiallinguists at Yahoogroups in 2003.

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Published by: bhuvaneswar Chilukuri on Jul 26, 2012
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THE PHRASE IN TELUGU PROVERBS I: A CASE STUDY OF ADJECTIVALAND NOUN PHRASES IN
ANDHRA LOKOKTHI CHANDRIKA
Chilukuri Bhuvaneswar CIEFL, Hyderabad
Abstract
 In addition to sentences and clauses, there are a significant number of phrases occurringindependently as proverbs in Telugu. Such proverbial phrases are embedded in sentencesgenerally to perform different functions in discourse. In this paper, the very first collection of Telugu proverbs Andhra Lokokthi Chandrika, published in 1868 by Captain M. W. Carr, has been examined as a case in point to find out the range of  phrasal structures represented in Telugu proverbs from the very beginning of such collections.From such an examination, it has been found out that three types of phrases have been used  productively in the formation of proverbs. They are: 1) noun phrases premodified by adjectival phrases; and 2) adverbial phrases postmodified by adverbs;and 3) phrases indicating analogy(or comparison or similarity). In this paper, the first type of phrases from Carr (1868) are examined and illustrated withexamples. Most of these noun phrases contain adjectival phrases premodifying them but someothers are postpositional. An analysis of them shows that both these types of phrases containsocial or natural praxis that has been prototypicalized to function as proverbs.
I. INTRODUCTION
 In
the
structural analysis of Telugu proverbs, phrasal proverbs are notcomprehensively studied so far. There is a need for such analysis to find out howthey function in conversation and how they are related to the sentential proverbswhich helps us to know the essential characteristics of proverbs.
A. Aims and Objectives
 In this paper, an attempt will be made to identify and analyse the internal structureof the noun phrases from among the other types of phrases in a corpus of about500 proverbial phrases collected from Carr (1868).
1997
 
22
B. Materials and Methods
 
Captain M. W. Carr‟s (1868)
 Andhra Lokokthi Chandrika
has been selected as thesource for the collection of proverbial phrases for the following reasons:i.
 
It is the first collection ever to be published. So, its corpus gives us ahistorical perspective to the choice of proverbs.ii.
 
Its size is both comprehensive as well as compact. Hence, the corpuscan be easily analysed.iii.
 
Its explanations are so elaborate that we know the meaning of theproverbs as they are used at that time.
II. LITERATURE REVIEW
 A comprehensive analysis of Telugu proverb phrases has not been made so far - asfar as I know. In Bhuvaneswar (2003a), a review of more than 250 references inTelugu proverb literature has been made
 – 
which is so far the most comprehensivebibliographical review since 1868
 – 
and in it, there is no mention of any specificanalysis of phrases in Telugu proverbs apart from this and the next two articles inthis series.
III. AN ANALYSIS OF THE ADJECTIVAL AND NOUN PHRASES IN
 ANDHRA LOKOKTHI CHANDRIKA
 
According to Quirk and Greenbaum (1989: 17 59) an English noun phrase can bebasic or complex. A basic noun phrase consist
s of “Pronouns and numerals, and
of nouns with articles or other closed system items that can occur before the noun
head such as predeterminers like all” (ibid. 59). A complex noun phrase consists
 
33
of a head either premodified notably by adjectives and nouns or postmodified byprepositional phrases, non-finite clauses, and relative clauses (ibid. 375-76).
An example of a basic noun phrase containing the predeterminers „all‟, of 
-
construction „of‟, determiner „the‟ and the quantifier „many‟ premodifying thenoun „boys‟ is:
 (1a). all of the many boys (ibid. 63)
Another example of a basic noun phrase containing the determiner „the‟, theordinal numeral „first‟, the cardinal numeral „three‟ premodifying „planes‟ is:
 (1b). the first three planes (ibid. 65)
An example for a complex noun phrase containing the determiner „the‟, theadjective „pretty‟ and the noun „college‟ premodifying the head „girl‟;
and the non-
finite clause „walking on the lawn‟, the prepositional phrase „in thegarden‟ the relative clause „who smiled sweetly‟, the clause of reason „because Iwaved to her‟ and the clause of time when I saw her‟ postmodifying the same head„girl‟ is:
 (2). The pretty college girl walking on the lawn in the garden who smiledsweetly because I waved to her when I saw her (is Sonali).In Telugu also such complex noun phrases are possible according to the rules of Telugu grammar. For example, (1b) has an equivalent in Telugu as follows:

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