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Settlement Enabling Test

Settlement Enabling Test

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Published by: Space Frontier Foundation on Jul 26, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Space Frontier Foundation Settlement-Enabling Test
The Space Frontier Foundation is an organization of people dedicated to openingthe Space Frontier to human settlement as rapidly as possible. Whenevaluating a proposed government program, policy or regulation, theFoundation shall apply the following test to assess the extent to which theprogram, policy, or regulation is “Settlement-Enabling.” These results will beused to craft an appropriate pro-Settlement response of support or constructivecriticism.The Space Frontier Foundation credo informs and influences many of thequestions that are a part of the Settlement Enabling Test. It is included here toensure it informs those who are examining proposed national policy.
Our goals include protecting the Earth’s fragile biosphere and creating a freer and more prosperous life for each generation by using the unlimited energy and material resources of space.
Our purpose is to unleash the power of free enterprise and lead a united humanity permanently into the Solar System.
When the Space Frontier Foundation was first formed, the organization alsocreated the Frontier Enabling Test. The goal of the Frontier Enabling Test wasto better articulate plans and ideas that would move humanity’s direction inspace in a more rewarding, more dynamic, and more profitable way. It is fromthe Frontier Enabling Test that we derive each question for the Settlement-Enabling Test. While not specifically included in the ranking questions section,the Frontier Enabling Test remains a vital part in determining how to bettershape space policy.
Our definition of a “frontier enabling” technology or policy is one which has as its effect the acceleration of the creation of low cost access to the space frontier for private citizens and companies, enables or accelerates our use of space resources, and/or accelerates the rate at which wealth can be generated in space.In other words, is the project or policy going to provide a return on the national investment, if we define “return” to be the economically sustainable human habitation of space? 
Settlement-Enabling Test Questions
All statements are to be rated 1 to 5. Unless otherwisestated, the rankings are 1 – Strongly Disagree, 2 – Disagree, 3 – Neutral, 4 – Agree, 5 – Strongly Agree. Ifthe Board of Directors agrees beforehand that thequestion is not applicable to a specific proposal, it is not tobe considered in the final score for that proposal. Theexamples given are only there for understandingpurposes. They are not part of the actual question.
1. Societal Values
This proposal is consistent with the values of the Space FrontierFoundation believes are necessary for a free and open frontier inspace.b.
This proposal maintains budget transparency, and thereforesupports honest decision making.c.
This proposal includes rigorous and independent oversight.d.
This proposal has a reasonable implementation plan, budget & schedule so that it is likely to be properly executed.
Expanding Human Access to the Frontier
This proposal encourages or allows a greater number of non-governmentally funded people to fly or operate in space.b.
This proposal encourages and supports a greater diversity of people who are able to fly or operate in space.c.
This proposal enables or encourages more people to increasethe longevity of their stay in space.
3. Ensuring the Sustainability of Space Settlement
This proposal encourages the use of resources that do notrequire launching mass from the surface of the Earth.
(Example: Using Earth’s magnetic field for station keeping rather than propellant carried from Earth)
This proposal uses or makes available the resources of space ina smart, sustainable way.
(Example of a failure: the Moon Treaty, which prevents the use of private property)
This proposal enhances or encourages the re-use and recyclingof terrestrial materials carried into space.
(Example: re-cycling upper stages or external tanks for fuel depots or habitats)
This proposal maintains or increases the usability of the spaceenvironment.
(Example: debris clouds created by an anti-satellite testing program drastically increases the need for micro-meteor shielding to the point that spacecraft become prohibitively expensive.)
4. Creating a Pro-Settlement Policy/Legal/Regulatory Environmentin Space
This proposal develops a regulatory environment that fosterssettlement, utilization, and/or commercialization.
(Example: property rights related to Moon, Mars, asteroids, etc. so that people have the capability to buy & sell land)
5. Creating value/profit from the space environment thatsupports/catalyzes settlement
This proposal encourages the creation of items (goods andservices) of value that derive most of their value from space.
(Example: communication satellites need the high altitude of space to be valuable. Without this, the satellite isn’t worth anything.)
This proposal encourages additional investment of time, moneyor talent into frontier-enabling activities as defined in thisdocument.
6. Developing Space Capabilities
This proposal identifies and prioritizes key strategic spacecapabilities (not technologies) which directly enable, enhance,or accelerate space settlement in a broad, inclusive manner.
(Example: a review panel identifying what capabilities we would like to develop in 10 years — e.g. National Research Council decadal surveys or the Review of Human Spaceflight Plans Committee)
This proposal includes in its implementation plan a viable pathfor an idea to emerge as a commercial product or service thatdelivers a key strategic capability.
(Examples: The same needed capabilities [or technologies] have existed on NASA/Department of Defense charts for decades. Many have been partially developed or proven on the ground repeatedly without achieving formal flight status and ultimately commercial availability.)
This proposal makes full use of existing or planned commercialcapabilities (i.e. goods and/or services) to achieve one or morestrategic space capabilities.d.
This proposal (if implemented) would sustainably achieve thedesired strategic capability.

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