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Venona 1944 Venona_story

Venona 1944 Venona_story

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Published by: National Security Internet Archive on Jul 27, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Th eV en on a S t or y
This publication is distributed FREE by theNational Security Agency. If you would likeadditional copies, please submit your request to:Center for Cryptologic History National Security Agency 9800 Savage Road, Suite 6886Fort George G. Meade, MD 20755-6886
COVERPHOTOSClockwise from top left: Carter Clarke, RobertLamphere, Gene Grabeel, Meredith Gardner, CecilPhillips, Kim Philby, Klaus Fuchs, Elizabeth Bentley,Alger Hiss, Julius RosenbergPublished by the Center for Cryptologic History,
On 1 February 1943 the U.S. Armys Signal Intelligence Service,a forerunner of the National Security Agency, began a small, very secret program, later codenamed VENONA. The original object of the VENONA program was to examine, and possibly exploit,encrypted Soviet diplomatic communications. These messages had been accumulated by the Signal Intelligence Service (later renamedthe U.S. Army Signal Security Agency and commonly calledArlington Hall after the Virginia location of its headquarters)since 1939 but had not been studied previously. American analystsdiscovered that these Soviet communications dealt with not only diplomatic subjects but also espionage matters.Six public releases of VENONA translations and relateddocuments have been made. These releases covered the followingtopics and are all discussed in this monograph.1. Soviet atomic bomb espionage2. New York KGB messages of 1942 and 19433. New York and Washington KGB messages of 1944 and 19454. San Francisco and Mexico City KGB messages; GRU New  York and Washington messages; Washington Naval GRUmessages
The release of VENONAtranslations involved careful consideration of theprivacy interests of individualsmentioned, referenced, or identified in thetranslations.Some names have not been released when to do so would constitute an invasion of privacy.
Robert L. Benson

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