TIMELINE: SPANISH COLONIZATION OF THE PHILIPPINES1521, Mar 16.
A Spanish expedition, sailing across the Pacific Ocean from east towest, and led by the Portuguese
(died Apr 27, 1521) lands onHomonhon Island east of Samar with three small ships, named the Concepcion, Trinidad and Victoria. Magellan calls the place
Island since March 16 isSaint Lazarus day.
1521, Mar 28.
Directing his ships southwestward, Magellan reaches Limasawa Island,south of Leyte. It is ruled by
, who becomes Magellan's friend.
1521, Mar 29.
To seal the friendship between Magellan and Rajah Kulambo, theysolemnize a
. This is the first recorded blood compact in Philippinehistory.
1521, Mar 31.
on Philippine soil is celebrated on Limasawa or Masaoin some reference book.
1521, Apr 7.
After sailing to Cebu Island, Magellan enters a new blood compact withthe local chieftain,
1521, Apr 27.
Magellan dies in a battle with
, chieftain of Mactan, anisland near Cebu.
Spain sends an expedition under
Juan Garcia Jofre de Loaysa
to thePhilippines. The expedition expects to find gold and spices but fails to do so. Loaysaand many members of his crew die in the Philippines.
Spain sends a third expedition to the Philippines under the leadership of
. This expedition never reaches the archipelago as three years are wasted inSouth America, trying to find a new route to the East.
The fourth expedition sent by Spain to The Country is under the commandof
Alvaro de Saavedra
. It is the first Spanish expedition starting from Mexico. Itreaches Mindanao but on the way to Cebu Saavedra's ship is carried by strong winds tothe Moluccas.
returns to Spain without Saavedra who died on theway home.
returns to Spain. One of its survivors is
, its chronicler.
1543, Feb 2.
The leader of the most successful Spanish expedition afterMagellan,
Ruy Lopez de Villalobos
(died Apr 4, 1546) arrives in the archipelago. Henames the islands the Philippines in honor of the son of King Charles I, Philip II (1556-1598) of Spain. Villalobos reaches Sarangani Island off the eastern coast of Mindanao