Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
7Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Kajian Konsep Pengukuran BOD Sebagai Indikator Pendugaan Pencemaran Bahan Organik Di Peraturan Di Perairan Daerah Tropis

Kajian Konsep Pengukuran BOD Sebagai Indikator Pendugaan Pencemaran Bahan Organik Di Peraturan Di Perairan Daerah Tropis

Ratings: (0)|Views: 86 |Likes:
Published by Cindhy Ade Hapsari

More info:

Published by: Cindhy Ade Hapsari on Jul 27, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/06/2013

pdf

text

original

 
D
t;'-1'1·5'
Pat:
~/~:,.;~i
KAJIANKONSEPPENGUKUR:AN'~HDSEBAGAIINDlKATORPENDUGAANPENC~AHANORGANIK
.
~-
.
DIPERAIRANDAERAHTROPIS
.
..
~
-'_'
OLEH
BOBBYPOLII
PROGRAMPASCASARJANAINSTlTUTPERTANIANBOGORBOGOR1994
 
SUMMARYPOLIIBOBBY.TheexaminationoftheBODmeasurementconcept-asanindicatoroforganicmatterpollutionestimationintropicalwaters.(UnderthesupervisionofSOERATNOPARTOATMODJOassupervisorleader,GUNARWANSOERATMO,MUCHAMMADANWARNUR,BIBIANALAY,MUCHAMMADSRISAENIandTaroNGMARlUNOascosuppervisors).Waterasanecologicalcomponentisabsolutelyneededbylivingorganisms.Thedecreaseofwaterqualitycould
be
causedbythepresenceoforganicmatter.LevelofpollutionbyorganicmattercouldbeestimatedbythemeasurementofBiochemicalOxygenDemand(BOD).Untilnow,BODmeasurementisstillbasedonthestandardmeasurementinsubtropicalwaters.Inthetropicalregion,usingincubationtempera-tureof20°Cduring5daysisnotsuitable,sincethevelocityofbiochemicalreactionisinfluencedbytemperature.Themainobjectiveofthisstudyistofindout:
(151)
theincubationperiodandtemperatureintheanalysisofBODintropicalwaters,
(2nd)
theoxidationconstantrate(K)andUltimateBOD(L)fromthreetypesofpollutedwater,
(3rd)
therelation.ofBODandCODasindicatorvariablesofpollutionduetoorganicmatterintropicalwaters.Thisexperimentwasundertakenbyusingsamplesfromthreedifferentsources:(a)waterfromCiliwungriver,(b)sewagefromslaughterhouse,and(c)textileindustrysewage.Fromthesethreesourcesofsamples:DissolvedOxygen(DO),BOD,N0
3
andNH4during20daysincubationwereanalysedinadditiontotalbacteria,carbohy-drate,proteinandfatwereanalysedduringthe1".5
th,
io»,
15
th
and20
th
incubationdays.Otherparameterssuschaschloride,temperature,pH,suspendedsolids,anddissolvedsolidswereanalysedbeforeincubationwithfourandeightreplications.TheresultofthisexperimentshowsthattherearedifferencesinBODvalues
 
incubatedat200Cand300C.Thesedifferencesshowsthatusingincubationtemperatureof20°Cduring5dayswhichiscurrentlyuseddoesnotrepresentBODvaluesoftropi-
cal
waterswhichhavetemperaturesof300C.DistributionofK(oxidationconstantrate)valuesof20°Ctemperaturefromthesethreekindsofsamplesrangedfrom0.123to0.151andattemperatureof30°Crangedfrom0.227to0.283perday.FromtheslaughterhousesewageoftheKvalue(200)was0.151andK(30°C)was0.283;waterfromCiliwungriverK(200)was0.124andK(300)was0.227andtextilesewageKvalue(20°C)was0.128andK(30°C)was0.233.FromthedistributionofKvalues,itshowsthattheKvalueintheincubationtemperatureof30°CistwotimestheKvalueintheincubationtemperatureof20°C.ThisresultfitstotheideathatvelocityofreactionwillacceleratetwotimesaccordingtotheincreaseoftemperatureoflOOC.
Based
onthecalculatedKvaluefromthetex-tilesewage,sewagefromtheslaughterhouseandwaterfromtheCiliwungriver,theperiodofBODanalysisthetropicregion(300C)is3days,whilethatofthesubtropi-calwaters(20°C)is5days.Identificationofbacteriafromthetextilesewageattheendofincubationperiodshowedthepresenceof
coliforms
bacteriaand
Staphylococci,
while
Bacillussp.,coli-forms
and
micrococci
wererecoveredfromtheslaughterhousesewage.SamplesoftheCiliwungrivershowedthepresenceof
coliform
and
Micrococci.
Theviablebacterialcountobtainedinthisstudyshowedthatsamplesformtheslauhterhousehadthehigh-estnumberofbacteriarangingfrom10
7-
IOs/ml.ThebacterialcountfromsamplesofCiliwungriverand.textilesewagewere10
3
-10
5
and10
6
-10
7
/mlrespectively.TheBOD(3,30"C)valueofwaterfromtheCiliwungriverandBOD(3,30"C)ofthetextilesewageisabout10%oftheCODrespectively,whiletheBOD(3,30°C)ofthesewagefromtheslaughterhouseisabout30%oftheCODvalue.

Activity (7)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
Gamal Hmrsw liked this
angg26 liked this
Abde Firmansyah liked this
Athy Fpik liked this
Ratna Handayani liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->