TOPIC 5RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
different areas. The research plan describes the nature of the participants in the research,the variables, the kind of data, the instruments to be used, the condition for data collectionand the techniques to analyse the data.When identifying the area of study, you have to consider the type of research to be utilised. Isit a quantitative or qualitative research? Which one is more suitable? Planning a researchusing the quantitative method is different from planning a qualitative research. You have toconsider many different factors when applying either the quantitative or the qualitative methods.
5.2.1Research Questions and Data
Research questions are the questions that we ask to achieve the objectives for our research.These questions can be answered through collecting of data and analysing them. After theresearch questions have been established and the topic of the study has been identified, youhave to describe the following procedures in executing the research.(a)Describe and execute procedures to collect information. The procedures includeidentifying research participants, the strategies to collect data and activities describing,how, when, why and from whom the data were collected. The detailed description wouldenable you to smoothly carry out the research without major hitches if there were any.The flaws in carrying out the research might jeopardise the validity of the research findings.(b)Analyse the collected data. The data would be analysed differently depending on thenature of the research. If the research was quantitative, then the data
might be needed to achieve the desired findings. On the other hand, if the research wasqualitative in nature, then the data analysis requires a
explanation of thefindings. Lengthy notes might be scrutinised and summarised. The observations mademight be transcribed in coherent and easily understood explanations.(c)After the data have been analysed, the result or the findings of the study has to bepresented coherently. They must be clearly stated and the implications of the findingsshould also be included. The findings might be useful to interested parties for variousreasons. The government might want to improve whatever shortcomings pointed out bythe findings. The school principals might want to use them for school improvement.1.What is the expertise needed in planning a research successfully?2.What are the factors that you need to consider when applying either thequantitative or the qualitative methods?