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United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

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Published by Barbara Espinosa
United Nations released the text in full two days ago on UN Arms Trade Treat as it has been proposed and released. Any changes to the signed version will be noted when available.
United Nations released the text in full two days ago on UN Arms Trade Treat as it has been proposed and released. Any changes to the signed version will be noted when available.

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Published by: Barbara Espinosa on Jul 27, 2012
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07/27/2012

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United Nations Arms Trade Treaty
PREAMBLE
 
The States Parties to this Treaty.
 
Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.Recalling that the charter of the UN promotes the establishment andmaintenance of international peace and security with the least diversion for
armaments of the world’s human and economic resources;
 Reaffirming the obligation of all State Parties to settle their internationaldisputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace andsecurity, and justice, are not endangered, in accordance with the Charterof the UN;Underlining the need to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit trade of conventional arms and to prevent their diversion to illegal andunauthorized end use, such as terrorism and organized crime;Recognizing the legitimate political, security, economic and commercialrights and interests of States in the international trade of conventionalarms;Reaffirming the sovereign right and responsibility of any State to regulateand control transfers of conventional arms that take place exclusivelywithin its territory pursuant to its own legal or constitutional systems;Recognizing that development, human rights and peace and security,which are three pillars of the United Nations, are interlinked and mutuallyreinforcing.Recalling the United Nations Disarmament Commission guidelines oninternational arms transfers adopted by the General Assembly;Noting the contribution made by the 2001 UN Programme of Action topreventing combating and eradicating the illicit trade in small arms andlight weapons in all its aspects, as well as the 2001 Protocol against theillicit manufacturing of and trafficking in Firearms, their parts andcomponents and ammunition, supplementing the United NationsConvention against Transnational Organized Crime;Recognizing the security, social, economic and humanitarian consequencesof the illicit trade in and unregulated trade of conventional arms;Recognizing the challenges faced by victims of armed conflict and theirneed for adequate care, rehabilitation and social and economic inclusion;Bearing in mind that the women and children are particularly affected insituations of conflict and armed violence;
 
Emphasizing that nothing in this treaty prevents States from exercisingtheir right to adopt additional more rigorous measures consistent with thepurpose of this Treaty;
Recognizing the legitimate international trade and lawful privateownership and use of conventional arms exclusively for, inter alia,recreational, cultural, historical and sporting activities for Stateswhere such ownership and use are permitted or protected by law;
 Recognizing the active role that non-governmental organizations and civilsociety can play in furthering the goals and objectives of this Treaty; and
 
16. Emphasizing that regulation of the international trade in conventionalarms should not hamper international cooperation and legitimate trade inmaterial, equipment and technology for peaceful purposes;
 
Have agreed as follows:
 
Principles
 
Guided by the Purposes and Principles of the Charter of the United Nations,States Parties, In promoting the goals and objectives of this Treaty andimplementing its provisions, shall act in accordance with the followingprinciples:
 
The
inherent rights of all States
to individual or collective self-defense;
 
2. Settlement of individual disputes by peaceful means in such a mannerthat international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered;
 
3. The rights and obligations of States under applicable international law,including international humanitarian law and international human rightslaw;
 
4. The responsibility of all States, in accordance with their respectiveinternational obligations, to effectively regulate and control internationaltransfer of conventional arms as well as the primary responsibility of allStates to in establishing and implementing their respective national exportcontrol systems; and
 
5. The necessity to implement this Treaty consistently and effectively andin a universal, objective and non-discriminatory manner.
 
 Article 1
 Goals and Objectives
 
Cognizant of the need to prevent and combat the diversion of conventionalarms into the illicit market or to unauthorized end users through theimprovement of regulation on the international trade in conventional arms,
 
The goals and objectives of this Treaty are:
 
 
- For States Parties to establish the highest possible common standards forregulating or improving regulation of the international trade in conventionalarms;
 
- To prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit trade in conventional armsand their diversion to illegal and unauthorized end use;
 
In order to:
 
- Contribute to international and regional peace, security and stability;
 
- Avoid that the international trade in conventional arms contributes tohuman suffering;
 
- Promote cooperation, transparency and responsibility of States Parties inthe trade in conventional arms, thus building confidence among StatesParties,
 
 Article 2
 
- A. Covered Items
 
- 1. This Treaty shall apply to all conventional arms within the followingcategories:
 
- a. Battle Tanks
 
- b. Armored combat vehicles
 
- c. Large-caliber Artillery systems
 
- d. Combat aircraft
 
- e. Attack helicopters
 
- f. Warships
 
- g. Missiles and missile launchers
 
- h. Small Arms and Light Weapons
 
- 2. Each State Party Shall
establish and Maintain a national controlsystem
to regulate the export of munitions to the extent necessary toensure that national controls on the export of the conventional armscovered by Paragraph a1 (a)-(h) are not circumvented by the export of munitions for those conventional arms.
 
- 3. Each State Party shall
establish and maintain a national controlsystem
to regulate the export of parts and components to the extentnecessary to ensure that national controls on the export of theconventional arms covered by Paragraph A1 are not circumvented by theexport of parts and components of those items.
 
- 4. Each State Party shall establish or update, as appropriate,and
maintain a national control list
that shall include the items that fallwithin Paragraph 1 above, as defined on a national basis, based on

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