(Plural „Gestalten”) is German for “pattern”, “figure”, “shape”, or “form”
but not precisely translatable, just
as „Angst” is not. It is used to refer to wholes, systems and complete structures rather than
the reductionist approach of seeking ever smaller components of a phenomenon. Inlearning, opposed to the reductionism of behaviourism,it concentrates on the way in which
the mind insists on finding patterns in things, and how this contributes to learning,
especially the development of “insight”.
Classic Gestalt image
A vase or two faces?It's easy to see one or the other:almost impossible to see neither, orindeed both at the same time.The classic Gestalt phenomenon isthat of
. Whichis the image and which thebackground?And how does the brain decide?
What is it (1)?
(Hover on the picture for the answer)