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Elara (Moon)

Elara (Moon)

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Published by Paul Muljadi
Elara (Moon)
Elara (Moon)

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Published by: Paul Muljadi on Jul 28, 2012
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Elara (moon)1
Elara (moon)
Elara
Elara near the glare of bright Jupiter
DiscoveryDiscovered by
C. D. Perrine
Discovery date
January 2, 1905
[1][2]
Orbital characteristicsMean orbit radius
11,740,000 km (0.07810 AU)
[3]
Eccentricity
0.22
[3]
Orbital period
259.64 d (0.708 a)
[3]
Average orbital speed
3.27 km/s
[3]
Inclination
26.63° (to the ecliptic)30.66° (to Jupiter's equator)
[3]
Satellite of 
Jupiter
Physical characteristicsMean radius
43 km
[4]
Surface area
~23,200 km
2
Volume
~333,000 km
3
Mass
8.7×10
17
kg
Mean density
2.6 g/cm
3
(assumed)
[4]
Equatorial surface gravity
~0.031 m/s
2
(0.003 g)
Escape velocity
~0.052 km/s
Sidereal rotationperiod
~0.5 d (12 h)
Albedo
0.04 (assumed)
[4]
Temperature
~124 K
 
Elara (moon)2
Apparent magnitude
16.3
[4]
Elara
(
ˈɛ
l
ə
r
ə
 / 
 EL
-
 ə
r-
 ə
; Greek: Ελάρα) is a prograde irregular satellite of Jupiter. It was discovered by CharlesDillon Perrine at Lick Observatory in 1905.
[1][2]
It is the eighth largest moon of Jupiter and is named after Elara, oneof Zeus's lovers and the mother of the giant Tityos.
[1]
Elara did not receive its present name until 1975; before then, it was simply known as
Jupiter VII
. It was sometimescalled "Hera"
[2]
between 1955 and 1975.Elara belongs to the Himalia group, five moons orbiting between 11 and 13 Gm from Jupiter at an inclination of about 27.5°.
[3]
Its orbital elements are as of January 2000. They are continuously changing due to solar and planetaryperturbations.
New Horizons encounter
In February and March 2007, the New Horizons spacecraft to Pluto captured Elara in several LORRI images from adistance of five million miles.
References
[1]Marsden, B. G. (7 October 1974). "Satellites of Jupiter" (http:
 
 / 
 
cfa-www.
 
harvard.
 
edu/ 
 
iauc/ 
 
02800/ 
 
02846.
 
html).
 IAUC Circular 
 
2846
. .[2]Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia; Katherine Haramundanis (1970).
 Introduction to Astronomy
. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.ISBN 0-13-478107-4.
External links
Elara on 1998-08-15 03:21 UTC (http:/ 
 
 / 
 
www.
 
imcce.
 
fr/ 
 
page.
 
php?nav=fr/ 
 
ephemerides/ 
 
astronomie/ Promenade/ 
 
pages3/ 
 
35.
 
html) (Crédit : OHP/IMCCE/CNRS)SkyView 23 47 09 -02 40 46 (http:/ 
 
 / 
 
skyview.
 
gsfc.nasa.
 
gov/ 
 
cgi-bin/ 
 
runquery.pl?Interface=quick&Position=23+
 
47+
 
09+
 
-02+
 
40+
 
46&
 
SURVEY=Digitized+
 
Sky+
 
Survey)HORIZONS Web-Interface (http:
 
 / 
 
ssd.
 
 jpl.
 
nasa.
 
gov/ 
 
horizons.
 
cgi?find_body=1&
 
body_group=mb&
 
sstr=507)Elara Profile (http:/ 
 
 / 
 
solarsystem.nasa.
 
gov/ 
 
planets/ 
 
profile.
 
cfm?Object=Jup_Elara) by NASA's Solar SystemExploration (http:/ 
 
 / 
 
solarsystem.
 
nasa.gov)David Jewitt pages (http:/ 
 
 / 
 
www.ifa.
 
hawaii.edu/ 
 
~jewitt/ 
 
irregulars.
 
html)Jupiter's Known Satellites (http:/ 
 
 / 
 
www.dtm.
 
ciw.
 
edu/ 
 
users/ 
 
sheppard/ 
 
satellites/ 
 
 jupsatdata.
 
html) (by Scott S.Sheppard)

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