Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
6Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
The Middle Ages an Encyclopedia for Students, Volume 2

The Middle Ages an Encyclopedia for Students, Volume 2

Ratings: (0)|Views: 2,074|Likes:

More info:

Published by: Στυλιανός Σμυρναίος on Jul 28, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/20/2014

pdf

text

original

 
An
Encyclopedia
for
Students
Ages
Middle
The
 
An
Encyclopedia
for
Students
William
Chester
Jordan,
Editor
in
Chief
for
the
American
Council
of
Learned
Societies
Volume
2
CHARLES
SCRIBNER'S
SONS
Macmillan
Library Reference
USA
Simon
&
Schuster Macmillan
NewYork
SIMON
&
SCHUSTER
AND
PRENTICE HALL INTERNATIONAL
London
Mexico
City
New Delhi
Singapore
Sydney
Toronto
The
Middle
Ages
 
Coronation
1
*
acclamation
callingout
acceptance
or
approval, as
when
a
crowd
cheers
a new
king
or
queen
*
consecration
church
ceremony
declaring
someoneorsomethingsacred,as
when
a
bishop
is
ordained
* laity
those
who are notmembersof theclergy
*
invest
to
confirm
someone
in
office
by
giving
the
robes
and
symbols
of
that
office
{
tiara
great triple
crownof the
popes
C
oronations were religious ceremonies
in
which popes
and
mon-archs were dressed
in
rich garments, placed
on
their thrones,
and
crowned. Early papal coronations were modest events,
but the
ceremonies became much grander as the papacy's political power grew.Coronation ceremonies of monarchs varied
from
country to country butincluded many of the same symbolic stages, such as
acclamation*,
conse-cration*
or
anointing with oil,
and
crowning.
In the
300s,
the
pope
was
elected
by the
Roman clergy
and
laity*
on a
Sunday. That same day, bishops from neighboring areas gathered
to
con-secrate the new pope by laying their hands on his head. This ceremony de-veloped during the Middle Ages. By the 700s,
newly
elected popes wereinvested*
on
their election
day at a
ceremony
in the
papal palace, withpeople showing respectbykissingthe newpope's
feet
andpledging theirallegiance. Consecration took place in St. Peter's church on a later day, af-
ter
which
the
pope
came
out on the
church steps
to
receive
his
crown
 the
cheers
of the
crowd.
By the
later Middle Ages,
the
central feature
ofthe
papal coronation
was the
crowning
of the
pope
with
a
tiara*
in
front
St.
Peter's and a procession through the
city
afterward.
Royal
coronations also included investing and crowning. The first cer-emony of this type in western Europe took place in Rome, where Pope
Leo III
crowned
CHARLEMAGNE
as
Holy Roman Emperor
on
Christmas
Day
in800. Customs
from
this coronation were later adaptedfor thecrowning
of
kings of the developing European nations.
Different
church
officials
presidedatdifferent royal coronations:thearchbishop
of
Cologne
in
Germany,
the
archbishop
of
Canterbury
in En-
gland,
and the
archbishop
of
Rheims
in
France.
In
Germany,
the new
kinghad to answer a series of questions before his anointing. In France, a spe-
cial
oil that had supposedly anointed King
Clovis
in 481 was used. In En-gland,
newly
crowned kings swore
to
preserve
the
laws
and
customs
of the
kingdom. However, all the ceremonies featured an acclamation in which
subjects
called out a phrase such as "God
save
the king."
Coronation

Activity (6)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
sunred5 liked this
othman793 liked this
R.k. Deang liked this
levieuxdjo liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->