from the British, which is a colonial residue. The First Past The Post(FPTP) electoral system is fit for any democracy with two parties.India, being a multicultural society with multiparty system is badly inneed of shifting to proportional representation system, as it providesinclusive space for minorities. Here the term minorities will implyDalits, Tribals, religious, ethnic and sexual minorities and alsowomen. The CERI campaign is specifically focused on bringing aboutthis change in India. However, the knowledge bank in India on PRsystem is abysmally low. It is in this context that M C Raj has broughttogether all the questions that were raised by Indian participants inmore than 15 State conferences on PR system, combined it with hisuntiring researches and has brought the present book on ElectoralSystems. The book has three sections and is spread out in ten chapters.
deals with the conceptual dimension of Democracy,especially in the way it developed from the period of Enlightenmentin the 16
Century and has led to the present modern andpostmodern democratic governance. It has a heavy analytical anglein its presentation. The attempt is to wake up the readers from theirslumber on a naïve assumption that democracy is ‘good’ withouteven knowing its inner personality and character. This section alsodeals with the way Indian democracy evolved especially through thedifferent types of nationalist discourses. Both the global and theIndian democracy converge on one common dimension, which isrepresentative democracy. The question of representationimmediately throws up the challenge of inclusion and share in power.Both these are supposed to be realized through an appropriateelectoral system. When there is no inclusion and no share in power itmust be realized that there is an unfit electoral system.
deals with the Majoritarian Electoral system. It lays barethe different variants in the Majoritarian Electoral System one of which is the First Past The Post system that is in vogue in India. Thesystems are dealt with as much academic discipline as possible. Careis also taken to explain the different terminologies of the system thatare used in procedures.
deals with the Proportional Representation System and itsapplication to India. The variants of PR system are explained toenhance the general understanding of readers and particularly placethe reality of India. The choice of the Mixed Member Proportional(MMP) system and its various dimensions are not only explained butalso the logic of developing India specific electoral system is broughtinto focus. Being a unique country India cannot afford to borrow anycountry’s electoral system as it is, without applying the same toIndia’s unique social and cultural context. This has been done by agroup of international experts on electoral systems whom M C Rajbrought together in Berlin, Germany. The proposal for PR system in