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Fundamental Processes of Dye Chemistry

Fundamental Processes of Dye Chemistry

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Published by Putri Mayangsari

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Published by: Putri Mayangsari on Jul 28, 2012
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FUNDAMENTAL
PROCESSES OF
DYE
CHEMISTRY
By
HANS EDUARD FIERZ-DAVID
and
Louis
BLANGEY
Eidgenossische
Technische Hochschule,
Zurich
Translated
from
the
Fifth Austrian
Edition
By
PAUL
W.
VITTUM
Eastman
Kodak
Company,
Rochester,
New
York
Published
and
distributed
in the
public
interest with
theconsentof the Attorney-General
under
License No.A-1360
1949
INTERSCIENCE PUBLISHERS, INC., NEW YORK
INTERSCIENCE PUBLISHERS
LTD.,
LONDON
43G39
 
Translated
from
Grundlegende Operationen
der
Farbenchemie,
Siebente
Unveranderte
Auflage,
Springer-Verlag,
Wien,
1947.
The
sixth
(1946)
and
seventh
(1947)
Austrian editions
are
unchanged
reprints
of the
fifth
(1943)
Austrian edition.
Preface
to the
Fifth Austrian Edition
Copyright,
1922,
Springer-Verlag
OHG.,
Berlin. Copyright,
1938, 1943,
Springer-Verlag OHG.,
Vienna. Copyright vest-
ed in the
Alien Property Custodian,
1944,
pursuant
to
law.
Copyright,
1949,
Interscience
Publishers,
Inc.
ALL
RIGHTS RESERVED
This
translation
or any
part
thereof
must
notbe reproduced
without permission
of
the
pub-
lishers in
writing. This
applies
specifically
to photostatic and
microfilm
reproductions.
INTERSCIENCE PUBLISHERS,
INC.
215
Fourth Avenue,
New
York
3, N. Y.
For Great
Britain
and
Northern
Ireland:
INTERSCIENCE PUBLISHERS
LTD.
2a
Southampton Row, London,
W. C. 1
This
fifth
edition
of
Grundlegende
Operationen
der
Farbenchemie
constitutes
an
expansion
of the
fourth
edition. Since
the
appearance
ofthe first
edition
in
1920,
so
many
new
processes
of dye
chemistry havebeen discovered that
it
appeared necessary
to
rework
or
enlarge varioussections.
In
particular,
the
preparation
of
several important intermedi-ates
has
been
resurveyed.
The
book
is
intended principally
to
introduce
to the
beginner
the
methods
of dye
chemistry,
and not
merely
to
present
a
collection
of
recipes.
To
this
end,
the
chapter
on the
practical work
in the
organic
industrial
laboratory
has
been reworked
and
enlarged
in
order
to
clarify
all the
important points.
The
chapter
on
analysis
of
dyes
has
been
re-
vised
so
that
the
student
may
gain some insight into this
difficult
field.Also,the
section
on the
determination
of
light
fastness
has
been
re-
written,
and we are
grateful
to Dr. Ris(Basel)for his
contributions
to
this subject. These additions have increased
the
scope
of the
book.
We
hope
that
they have also increased
its
usefulness.
H. E.
Fierz-David
Louis
Blangey
Zurich, November
3,
1942
Chem.-Techn. Laboratorium der
EidgenossischenTechnischenHochschule
PRINTED
INTHE
UNITED STATES
OF
AMERICA
OFFSET
BYNEW
YORK
LITHOGRAPHING CORP.,
NEW
YORK
COMPOSED
BY
GRAPHIC PRODUCTION CORP.,
NEW
YORK
 
Preface
to the
Translation
Twenty-eight years have elapsed since the publication of the firstedition
of
Grundlegende
Operationen
der Farbenchemie.
In the
mean-time the technology of
dyestuff
intermediates and the dyes obtained
from
them has developed widely, and the processes described in
1920
are very well known today.Editions subsequent to the first (up to the seventh edition, publishedin Vienna in
1947)
were expanded considerably in collaboration withL. Blangey. The main aim was always to explain the fundamental prin-
ciples
of dye chemistry to the student;
and,
since it was the endeavor
of
the authors to write a laboratory book and not an encyclopedia, ingeneral only simple examples were given in this work. The preface to
the first
edition indicated that
the
processes described were perhaps
not the
best,
butthatby
following
the
instructions exactly
the
results
stated
would be obtained. In dye chemistry, as is well known, manyroads
lead to the
same goal.The present edition is not intended to compete with more compre-hensive books such as that of P. H. Groggins,
UnitProcesses
in
Organic
Synthesis
(1947).
The latter is a textbook, while
Grundlegende
Opera-
tionen
der
Farbencherhie,
like Gattermann's book
Praxis
des
Organ-
ischen
Chemikers,
isprimarilyalaboratory manual.Thereprintingof
the fifth
Austrian edition
in the
United States
without
the
consent
ofthe
authors
ndicated recognition
of the
need
for
such
a
volume.Itseems apropriate, however,topublishanew, American editioninwhich several reactions are described
that
have not appeared in
pre-
vious editions and which corrects minor errors discovered in the Aus-trian edition on which the translation is based. These are the onlychanges considered necessary.
After
the present translation had been printed, the allied reports
on
German and Japanese industry were made public. The authors notedto their satisfaction that the processes they described correspondedclosely in many cases with those of the German dye factories. Certainlarge-scale industrial reactions can be reproduced only with
difficulty
inthe laboratory with the small amounts of material at the chemist's
disposal.
In our opinion, for example, it is practically impossible in the

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