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Rep 7

Rep 7

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Published by Syed Jamal

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Published by: Syed Jamal on Jul 29, 2012
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07/29/2012

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 Section :
AGGREGATE
 
Standard Test Procedures Report
Subject :
Unit weight and voids of aggregate
 Experiment no.
AGG 2.4
NameDate of Performance Student IDDate of Submission Semester/Section
1.
 
SCOPE
This test method covers the determination of unit weight in a compacted or loose condition of fine and coarse aggregates. Unit weight values of aggregates arc necessary for use for manymethods of selecting proportions for concrete mixtures. They may also be used fordetermining mass/volume relationships for conversions and calculating the percentages of voidsin aggregates. Voids within particles, cither permeable or impermeable, are not included invoids as determined by this test method.
2.
 
APPARATUS AND MATERIALSApparatus
 
Balance: Accurate within 0.1% of the test load and graduated to at least 0.1 Ib (0.05 kg)..
 
 
Tamping rod: A round, straight steel rod, 5/S in (\b mm) in diameter andapproximately 24 in (600 mm) in length, having one end rounde to a hemispherical tipof the same diameter as the rod.
 
Measure: A cylindrical metal measure, preferably provided with handles. It shall be wa-.tertight, wi.th the top and bottom true and even, and sufficiently rigid to retain itsfonn under rough usage. The measure shall have a height approximately equal to thediameter, but in no case shall the height be less than 80% nor more than 150% of thediameter. The capacity of the measure shall conform to the limits in Table 7.1 for theaggregate size to be tested. The thickness of metal in the measure shall be • asdescribed in Table 7.2. The interior wall of the measure shall be a smooth andcontinuous surface.
 
Calibration equipment: A piece of plate glass, preferably at least 1/4 in. (6 mm) thick andat least 1 in. (25 mm) larger than the diameter of the measure to be calibrated. A•w
Materials
 
Fine aggregate about 1 kg
 
 
3.
 
PROCEDURE
Three different procedures are generally followed for the determination of unit weight. Theyare: a) Shoveling procedure, b) Redding procedure, and c) Jiggling procedure.The shoveling procedure for loose unit weight shall be used only when specifically stipulated. Otherwise,the compact unit weight shall be determined by the rodding procedure for aggregates having a nominalmaximum of 1.5 in (37.5 mm) or less, or by the jigging procedure for aggregates having a nominalmaximum size greater than 1.5 in (37.5 mm) and not exceeding 6 in (150 mm).
Shovelling Procedure
 a)
 
Fill the measure to overflowing by means of a shovel or scoop, discharging theaggregate from a height not exceeding 2 in. (50 mm) above the top of the measure.Exercise care to prevent, so far as possible, segregation of the particle sizes of which thesample is composed. Level the surface of the aggregate with the fingers or astraightedge in such a way that any slight projections of the larger pieces of thecoarse aggregate approximately balance the larger voids in the surface below the top of the measure.
 b)
 
Determine the mass of the measure plus its contents, and the mass of the measurealone, and record the values to the nearest 0.1 Ib (0.05 kg).
 
 
Page 3
Rodding Procedure
 a)
 
Fill the measure one-third full and level the surface with the fingers. Rod the layer of aggregate with 25 strokes of the tamping rod evenly distributed over the surface. Fill themeasure two-thirds full and again level and rod as above. Finally, fill the measure tooverflowing and rod again in the manner previously mentioned. Level the surface of theaggregate with the fingers or a straightedge in such a way that any slight projections of thelarger pieces of the coarse aggregate approximately balance the larger voids in the surfacebelow the top of the measure.
 b)
 
In rodding the first layer, do not allow the rod to strike the bottom of the measureforcibly. In rodding the second and third layers, use vigorous effort, but do not applysuch a force as to cause the tamping rod to penetrate to the previous layer of aggregate.
 c)
 
Determine the mass of the measure plus its contents, and the mass of the measurealone, and record the values to the nearest 0.1 Ib (0.05 kg).
 
Jiggling Procedure
 
a)
 
Fill the measure in three approximately equal layers as described previously,compacting each layer by placing the measure on a firm base such as a cement concretefloor, raising the opposite sides alternately about 2 in (50 mm), and allowing themeasure to drop in such a manner as to hit with a sharp, slapping blow. The aggregateparticles, by this procedure, will arrange themselves in a densely compacted condition.Compact each layer by dropping the measure 50 times in the manner described, 25times on each side. Level the surface of the aggregate with the fingers or astraightedge in such a way that any slight projections of the larger pieces of the coarseaggregate approximately balance the larger voids in the surface below the top of themeasure.b)
 
Determine the mass of the measure plus its contents, and the mass of the measurealone, and record the values to the nearest 0.1 Ib (0.05 kg).
4.
 
CALCULATION
Unit Weight- Calculate the unit weight for the rodding procedure as follows:
M =
Or, M = (G-T) X F
I
 

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