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Rectifiers

Rectifiers

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Published by Sajja Vamsidhar
EDC RECTIFIERS MATERIAL
EDC RECTIFIERS MATERIAL

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Published by: Sajja Vamsidhar on Jul 29, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/03/2013

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1
EDC UNIT-III
 11
UNIT – IIIHALF WAVE RECTIFIER: -
V
S
= V
m
sin
ω 
 = V
m
Sin
θ
 I
max
ms f L
 R R R
=+ +
 (Assuming voltage drop across diode is zero)Where R
S
is source resistanceR
is Diode resistance in forward bias conditionR
L
is load resistance.Current i = 0 for
π
 
 
θ
 
2
π
 2)
AVERAGE CURRENT I
DC.
 The current shown by DC ammeter, is the average current.
22maxmax00
1. sinsin22
 I  I Sin d d
π π π π 
θ θ θ θ θ θ π π 
= = +
 
[ ] [ ]
( )
maxmax0maxmax
cos cos0222 _________________(1)22
dc
 I Cos I  I 
π 
θ π π π π π 
= = = − =
 
 
2
EDC UNIT-III
 223)
R.M.S (ROOT MEAN SQUARE) CURRENT
 
12222max0
1sin2
rms
i
π 
θ π 
=
 
122max
1sin2
 I
θ θ π 
=
;
 
max
2
rms
 I  I 
=
(2)
max
2
 RMS 
=
(When R
S
& R
are negligible) (3)4)
DC OUTPUT VOLTAGE: V
RL
 
maxmax
max..(When R & R are negligable)
 L L
 R dc L LS f L L R s
iV i R R R R R R
π π π 
= =+ +==
(4)5)
RIPPLE FACTOR
rms value of alternate current component average value
=
 Total current = DC component + AC. component
11
()
dc dc
i I i or i i
= + =
. (1)
i rms
=
220
1().2
i
π 
θ π 
=
220
1()2
dc
i I
π 
θ π 
 =
2220
1(2)2
dc dc
i I I
π 
θ π 
+
 =
22222000
111- .2 +.222 
dc
i d I id I dc  I II III 
π π π 
θ θ θ π π π 
 a)
1
st
Term: -
2220
1.2
rms rms
i d i i
π 
θ π 
= =
 
 
3
EDC UNIT-III
 33b)
2
nd
Terms: -
22200
11.22. = 2 I I = 2 I22
dc dc dc dc dc
 I id I id 
π π 
θ θ π π 
= − −
 c)
3
rd
Term: -
2222.00
11.[]22
dc dc
 I d
π π 
θ θ π π 
=
 =
22.
1.22
dc dc
 I
π π 
=
 
Combining 3 terms
i rms
=
222
2
rms dc dc
i I
+
 =
22
rms dc
i
 
The ripple factor
 
=
1
rmsdc
 I  I 
 
22
 =
rms dcdc
 I  I 
 =
2222
rms dcdc dc
 I  I
 Ripple Factor
=
2
1
rmsdc
 I  I 
_______________ - (5)The above expression is independent of current wave shape and therefore notrestricted to half wave rectifier alone.Similarly it can be expressed in terms of Voltage under: -
=
2
1
 DC 
rms
- (6)6)
RIPPLE FACTOR OF HALF WAVE RECTIFIER
I
rms
=2
m
 I 
- eqn. No. 2I
DC
=
m
 I 
π 
- eqn. No. 1Putting these values in equation No. 5Ripple factor of half wave rectifier.

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