Bismarck’s foreign Policy
Bismarck’s aimsBecause of its central position, Germany was open to war from two sidesFurthermore, the France wanted to revenge,so Bismarck wanted her to be isolated.TheDreikaiserbund(league of the Three Emperors)=>
RussiaAim:To maintain existing borders in EuropeFight socialism & republicanismRussia & Austria-Hungaryrivalsin the BalkansSo it wasn’t a military alliance1878: Russia defeated the TurksThe treaty of San Stefano: Russia got a greater influence in the BalkansAustria-Hungary did not accept this arrangementBismarck did not want to see a war between Russia & Austria-Hungary.
: Congress of BerlinBismarck = Honest broker Supported by the British prime minister, DisraeliRussia’s plan to create the large state of Bulgaria was droppedWar avoided butlong-term problemsremainedThe dual allianceRussia’s Tsar annoyedThought that was acoalition of Europe against Russialeading by Bismarck Relations worsenedRussia moved an army to the German frontier
: Dual Alliance between Germany & Austria-Hungary
If A-H or Germany was attacked by Russia, they will help each other
If they were attacked by another country, other would remain neutral
Bismarck did not want to break with Russia but just scare her