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HP-AN243-3_Fundamentals of Modal Testing

HP-AN243-3_Fundamentals of Modal Testing



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Published by: sirjole7584 on Jan 12, 2009
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The Fundamentals of Modal Testing
Application Note 243-3
Η(ω) = Σ
ij /m(n- )+ (2n)
222 2
2Modal analysis is defined as thestudy of the dynamic characteris-tics of a mechanical structure.This application note emphasizesexperimental modal techniques,specifically the method knownas frequency response functiontesting. Other areas are treatedin a general sense to introducetheir elementary concepts andrelationships to one another.Although modal techniquesare mathematical in nature, thediscussion is inclined towardpractical application. Theory ispresented as needed to enhancethe logical development of ideas.The reader will gain a soundphysical understanding of modalanalysis and be able to carryout an effective modal surveywith confidence.Chapter 1 provides a brief overview of structural dynamicstheory. Chapter 2 and 3 whichis the bulk of the note – describesthe measurement process foracquiring frequency responsedata. Chapter 4 describes theparameter estimation methodsfor extracting modal properties.Chapter 5 provides an overviewof analytical techniques of struc-tural analysis and their relationto experimental modal testing.
Table of Contents
Preface2Chapter 1 Structural Dynamics Background4
Introduction4Structural Dynamics of a Single Degree of Freedom (SDOF) System5Presentation and Characteristics of Frequency Response Functions6Structural Dynamics for a Multiple Degree of Freedom (MDOF) System9Damping Mechanism and Damping Model11Frequency Response Function and Transfer Function Relationship12System Assumptions13
Chapter 2 Frequency Response Measurements14
Introduction14General Test System Configurations15Supporting the Structure16Exciting the Structure18Shaker Testing19Impact Testing22Transduction25Measurement Interpretation29
Chapter 3 Improving Measurement Accuracy30
Measurement Averaging30Windowing Time Data31Increasing Measurement Resolution32Complete Survey34
Chapter 4 Modal Parameter Estimation38
Introduction38Modal Parameters39Curve Fitting Methods40Single Mode Methods41Concept of Residual Terms43Multiple Mode-Methods45Concept of Real and Complex Modes47
Chapter 5 Structural Analysis Methods48
Introduction48Structural Modification49Finite Element Correlation50Substructure Coupling Analysis52Forced Response Simulation53

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