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HP-AN1264-2_Fundamentals of Synchronization Planning

HP-AN1264-2_Fundamentals of Synchronization Planning

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Published by: sirjole7584 on Jan 12, 2009
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05/10/2014

 
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H
Application Note 1264-2
Synchronizing TelecommunicationsNetworks:
Synchronizing SDH/SONET
AccessNetworkCellularBaseStationMuxMuxAccessNetworkAccessNetworkResidentialMovingCorporateUsers
 
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Table of Contents
I.Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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II.SDH and SONET Transmission Basics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5SDH Multiplexing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5SONET Multiplexing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5Pointers and Pointer Adjustments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Payload Mapping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
III.Synchronization Performance and Sources of PointerAdjustments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10Ideal Operation and Random Phase Movements. . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Stressed Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Holdover Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
IV.Synchronization Effect of SDH/SONET on Payload DS3s. .
12Amount of Pointer Adjustmens in a Network. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Jitter Introduced by SDH/SONET on Payload DS3s. . . . . . . . . . . 13Network Requirements to Support SDH/SONET withDS3 Traffic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
V.Synchronization Effect of SDH/SONET on Payload DS1sand E1s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15Amount of DS1/E1 Pointer Adjustments in the Network. . . . . . 15Jitter Introduced by SDH/SONET on Payload DS1sand E1s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Wander Introduced by SDH/SONET on Payload DS1sand E1s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Suitability for Timing Transfer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Private Network Customer DS1/E1 Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Network Requirements to Support SDH/SONET with DS1 orE1 Traffic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
VI.Synchronization Planning and SDH. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19Reference Distribution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19SSU Clocks Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19SDH Network Element Clocking Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
VII.Synchronization Planning and SONET. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21Reference Distribution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21BITS Clocks Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21SONET Network Element Clocking Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . 22
VIII.Conclusion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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