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HP-AN1289_The Science of Timekeeping

HP-AN1289_The Science of Timekeeping

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Published by: sirjole7584 on Jan 12, 2009
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11/22/2013

 
 
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The Science of Timekeeping
Application Note 1289
UTC: Official World TimeGPS: A Time DistributionUtilityTime: An Historical andFuture PerspectiveFrom Laboratory toPractical Use• Broad ApplicationsAcross Society
 
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Table of Contents
Introduction to the Science of Timekeeping..........................................8Precise Timing Applications Pervade Our Society................................10Clocks and Timekeeping............................................................................14The Definition of the Second and its General Importance ..................19Historical Perspective................................................................................19An Illustrative Timekeeping Example.....................................................22UTC, Official Time for the World.............................................................26GPS Time and UTC.....................................................................................30Accuracy and Stability of UTC..................................................................31Einstein’s Relativity and Precise Timekeeping......................................36How to Access UTC....................................................................................39Future Timing Techniques.........................................................................44Global Navigation Satellite System Developments................................47UTC and the Future....................................................................................52Conclusions.................................................................................................53Acknowledgments......................................................................................54Appendix A: Time and Frequency Measures Accuracy, Error,Precision, Predictability, Stability, and Uncertainty.............................56Appendix B: Stability Analysis of Harrison-like Chronometers...........66Appendix C: Time and Frequency Transfer, Distributionand Dissemination Systems.......................................................................72Glossary and Definitions............................................................................82Bibliography................................................................................................85

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