2Center or American Progress | Young Women and Reproductive Health Care
Reproducive healh care is undamenal o and inseparable rom women’s overallhealh and well-being. As such, i’s no surprising ha women ages 18 o 34 are moresaisfed wih heir care when heir regular provider is a reproducive healh specialis,primarily OB-GYN physicians.
2,248,000 women in heir 20s needed prenaal care in 2009. By comparison, only 414,831 women under he age o 20 and 1,543,066 women older han 30 neededprenaal care ha year.
Te Ceners or Disease Conrol and Prevenion repors ha even hough youngpeople ages 15 o 24 represen only 25 percen o he sexually experienced populaion,hey acquire nearly hal o all new sexually ransmited inecions.
Compared wiholder aduls, sexually acive adolescens ages 15 o 19 and young aduls ages 20 o 24are a higher risk o acquiring SIs due o a combinaion o behavioral, biological, andculural reasons.
In 2010 women ages 20 o 24 had he highes rae o chlamydia (3,407.9 cases per100,000 emales) compared wih any oher age or sex group. Chlamydia raes or women in his age group increased 6.9 percen rom 2009 o 2010.
In 2010, as inprevious years, women ages 20 o 24 had he second highes rae o gonorrhea, while women ages 15 o 19 had he highes rae (560.7 cases per 100,000 emales) com-pared wih any oher age or sex group. From 2009 o 2010, gonorrhea raes or womenin his age group increased 3.8 percen.
Contraception is the fundamental reproductive health care need foryoung women
Despie he common misconcepion ha eens are he mos likely age group oexperience an uninended pregnancy, women are mos a risk or an uninendedpregnancy during heir 20s. Among unmarried women who have ever experiencedan unplanned pregnancy, 54 percen are beween he ages o 20 and 29, while 31percen are under he age o 20. Only 15 percen o uninended pregnancies areamong women age 30 and older.
Naionwide 1.5 million women ages 15 o 44 use oral conracepives exclusively or non-conracepive purposes. Bu more han hal o pill users (58 percen) rely on he mehoda leas in par or purposes oher han pregnancy prevenion. Tiry-one percen use ior cramps or mensrual pain, 28 percen or mensrual regulaion, 14 percen or acne, 4percen or endomeriosis, and 11 percen or oher unspecifed reasons.
eenagers are more likely o use birh conrol pills or nonconracepive reasons hanolder women. Eighy-wo percen o young women ages 15 o 19 who use oral con-