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Renourishment Study

Renourishment Study

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Published by Laura Nahmias

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Published by: Laura Nahmias on Jul 30, 2012
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12/09/2012

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Atlantic Coast of Long Island,Fire Island Inlet to Montauk Point
Alternative Screening Report
 
September, 1998
 
 Fire Island Inlet to Montauk Point Reformulation Study Alternatives Screening
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The US Army Corps of Engineers, New York District (CENAN) is conducting a comprehensivefeasibility-level reformulation of the shore protection and storm damage reduction project for the southshore of Long Island, New York, from Fire Island Inlet to Montauk Point. The Federally authorizedproject area extends west from Montauk Point to Fire Island Inlet along the Atlantic Coast of Suffolk County, Long Island, New York. Commercial, residential, public and other infrastructure in the study areaare subject to economic losses (or damages) during severe storms. The principal problems are associatedwith extreme tides and waves that can cause extensive flooding and erosion both within barrier island andmainland communities. Breaching and/or inundation of the barrier islands also can lead to increased flooddamages, especially along the mainland communities bordering Shinnecock, Moriches and Great SouthBays.The purpose of this submission is to identify potential solutions for the reduction of storm damages toeconomic resources (e.g. residences, commercial properties, and infrastructure) throughout the study area.Alternative storm damage reduction measures are developed to a conceptual level of detail to permit thescreening/selection of preliminary features that may used as elements of storm protection alternative plansduring future study phases. It is noted that the present screening is preliminary and is primarily intended towinnow the suite of possible solutions to allow more refined evaluation of selected measures. In addition tothe detailed design and development of alternative storm protection plans, future study phases will includeanalyses of economic, environmental, and social and institutional issues to levels of detail consistent withthe final plan alternatives.To ease alternative development, and evaluation and screening procedures, the study area was separatedinto a series of potential project reaches. The principle factor considered in project reach delineation wasthe requirement to provide storm protection benefits for a contiguous area (e.g. reducing inundation of allproperties along Shinnecock Bay). Storm protection benefits within these reaches are, from a practicalpoint-of-view, independent of actions elsewhere. Project Reaches delineated for the purposes of thepresent screening are listed in Table 1.
 
Table 1 Project Reach Designations
Reach Name Location
1 Montauk Point Montauk Point to Hook Pond2 Ponds Hook Pond to Agawam Lake3 Shinnecock Agawam Lake to Quogue (Quantuck Canal)4 Moriches Quogue (Quantuck Canal) to Smith Point5 Fire Island Smith Point to Fire Island Inlet
 ES
 
 Fire Island Inlet to Montauk Point Reformulation Study Alternatives Screening
 The screening and selection of appropriate storm protection measures required an understanding of thestorm damage problems and needs, as well as the opportunities to enhance economic activity throughreduction of potential storm damages. Storm damages to property in the study area is primarily the resultof the susceptibility of the shoreline between Fire Island Inlet and Montauk Point to extratropical storms(northeasters) and hurricanes. These storms produce tides and waves that may cause extensive floodingand erosion throughout the study area. The principle cause of storm damage along the mainland isinundation. Damages to infrastructure along the barrier islands are due to a combination of mechanisms,including wave attack, erosion and inundation. Severe storms also erode barrier island beaches. Thiserosion and the attendant risk of barrier island breaching and/or inundation compromises the capacity of the barrier islands to protect against mainland flooding. Storm damages east of Southampton along themainland coast arise principally from inundation and bluff erosion, which impact nearshore and uplandstructures. Storm damage problems for delineated project reaches are summarized below.
 Project Reach 1 - Montauk Point to Hook Pond -
 
The communities of Ditch Plains, Montauk Beach,East Hampton Beach and Beach Hampton appear to have the greatest need for storm protection. Thesecommunities are vulnerable to shorefront structure damage and inundation of low-lying areas. Narrowbeaches and relatively low dunes characterize the area along Hither Hills State Park. This area is aconcern inasmuch as it fronts the major eastern access route (i.e. Montauk Highway) between Montauk Point and western Long Island. Continued bluff erosion threatens to undermine individual homesthroughout the remainder of Project Reach 1. Shoreline erosion is generally mild to moderate, althoughisolated high erosion areas are present.
 Project Reach 2 – Hook Pond to Agawam Lake -
 
Shorefront structures in Project Reach 2 are vulnerableto dune and beach erosion and to a lesser extent inundation and/or wave attack. The principal locationssubject to damages arising from dune erosion are at Apaquogue, Wainscott, near Peters Lane inSagaponack, west of Sagaponack Lake, east/west of Mecox Bay and Wickapogue. Localized flooding of low-lying and more heavily developed areas surrounding Georgica Pond, Sagaponack Lake and MecoxBay is also a significant concern. These low-lying areas are subject to flooding due to stormwater runoff and overwash, and require frequent letting of accumulated stormwaters to preclude roadway and propertyflooding.
 Project Reach 3 Agawam Lake to Quogue -
 
The principal problem is the threat of barrier islanderosion/breaching, which would lead to inundation of low-lying areas along Shinnecock Bay. The barrierislands, especially those areas west of Shinnecock Inlet and along Tiana Beach, are highly vulnerable tostorm erosion, inundation, overwash and breaching. Dune erosion could also lead to oceanfront propertydamage due to wave attack and erosion. An additional concern along the entire barrier island is theelevation of Dune Road, which is subject to frequent flooding and serves as the only access route alongthe barrier islands. Long-term erosion (tens of years) is varied throughout this reach, but areas of higherosion are present. Severe erosion is especially evident immediately west of Shinnecock Inlet and alongportions of Tiana and Hampton Beaches.
 ES

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