Fire Island Inlet to Montauk Point Reformulation Study Alternatives Screening
The screening and selection of appropriate storm protection measures required an understanding of thestorm damage problems and needs, as well as the opportunities to enhance economic activity throughreduction of potential storm damages. Storm damages to property in the study area is primarily the resultof the susceptibility of the shoreline between Fire Island Inlet and Montauk Point to extratropical storms(northeasters) and hurricanes. These storms produce tides and waves that may cause extensive floodingand erosion throughout the study area. The principle cause of storm damage along the mainland isinundation. Damages to infrastructure along the barrier islands are due to a combination of mechanisms,including wave attack, erosion and inundation. Severe storms also erode barrier island beaches. Thiserosion and the attendant risk of barrier island breaching and/or inundation compromises the capacity of the barrier islands to protect against mainland flooding. Storm damages east of Southampton along themainland coast arise principally from inundation and bluff erosion, which impact nearshore and uplandstructures. Storm damage problems for delineated project reaches are summarized below.
Project Reach 1 - Montauk Point to Hook Pond -
The communities of Ditch Plains, Montauk Beach,East Hampton Beach and Beach Hampton appear to have the greatest need for storm protection. Thesecommunities are vulnerable to shorefront structure damage and inundation of low-lying areas. Narrowbeaches and relatively low dunes characterize the area along Hither Hills State Park. This area is aconcern inasmuch as it fronts the major eastern access route (i.e. Montauk Highway) between Montauk Point and western Long Island. Continued bluff erosion threatens to undermine individual homesthroughout the remainder of Project Reach 1. Shoreline erosion is generally mild to moderate, althoughisolated high erosion areas are present.
Project Reach 2 – Hook Pond to Agawam Lake -
Shorefront structures in Project Reach 2 are vulnerableto dune and beach erosion and to a lesser extent inundation and/or wave attack. The principal locationssubject to damages arising from dune erosion are at Apaquogue, Wainscott, near Peters Lane inSagaponack, west of Sagaponack Lake, east/west of Mecox Bay and Wickapogue. Localized flooding of low-lying and more heavily developed areas surrounding Georgica Pond, Sagaponack Lake and MecoxBay is also a significant concern. These low-lying areas are subject to flooding due to stormwater runoff and overwash, and require frequent letting of accumulated stormwaters to preclude roadway and propertyflooding.
Project Reach 3 – Agawam Lake to Quogue -
The principal problem is the threat of barrier islanderosion/breaching, which would lead to inundation of low-lying areas along Shinnecock Bay. The barrierislands, especially those areas west of Shinnecock Inlet and along Tiana Beach, are highly vulnerable tostorm erosion, inundation, overwash and breaching. Dune erosion could also lead to oceanfront propertydamage due to wave attack and erosion. An additional concern along the entire barrier island is theelevation of Dune Road, which is subject to frequent flooding and serves as the only access route alongthe barrier islands. Long-term erosion (tens of years) is varied throughout this reach, but areas of higherosion are present. Severe erosion is especially evident immediately west of Shinnecock Inlet and alongportions of Tiana and Hampton Beaches.