club owners, audiences, critics and others were opposed to the intermingling of whites andblacks, on a strictly musical level, whites and blacks were able to get along. This opened doorsfor blacks in the entertainment industry, and although change was a very gradual process, blacksgained a heightened sense of social identity through the advent of Jazz, which would later impactwhite culture on a tremendous scale.
slavery, African Music and the advent of „black culture‟
Significance of traditional black musicC.
Music as a liberating force/coping mechanism to escape life‟s har
Thesis statement: incorporate the idea of a black cultural identity throughmusic. The struggle of slavery and years of oppression embodied in a genre of music (jazz.) Were whites aware of this cultural connection, and, byproducing jazz, were they defiling its sentimental value? What causes jazz to
Section 1: The Birth of JazzA.
New Orleans as a cultural melting pot- with ties to the Caribbean and a largepercentage of blacks living there. Port city, saw lots of different culturesB.
The beginnings of Jazz-
from field hollers and traditionally “black” forms of
music, brass bands throughout New Orleans (with inexpensive instrumentsafter WWI,) Buddy Bolden ->
“The Original Creole Band,” vs. ODJB
“a convenient place for all the prostitutes” (as well as the
birthplace of Jazz.) Jazz clubs- Who owned these clubs (Madames,) why didthey gain notoriety, who played here?D.
End of Storyville and the Great Migration- WWI caused Storyville to be shutdown (in fear that syphilis/other social diseases would weaken the fightingforce.) Jazz singers without jobs/African Americans seeking to escapeeconomic hardship and political oppression migrated to large cities(Chicago/New York.) Chicago will soon become the Jazz capital of thecountryIII.
Section 2: Chicago and New York A.
White Jazz- by this time Jazz has been mixed-race, with white/ non-black bands becoming popular (New Orleans Rhythm Kings.) Was it a dislike of jazz or a dislike of the blacks that played it?B.
Speakeasies and places of ill refute- Prohibition caused many criminals toopen Speakeasies, or illegal drinking establishments. Jazz bands would oftenplay here, which tarnished the reputation of Jazz- expand on this. How didJazz benefit from Prohibition?C.
Racism- It was socially accepted for White and Black Jazz performers to playtogether on stage, but offstage racism was still a significant problem. How didracism factor in to the development of Jazz? Were black musicians beingstripped of cultural identity?D.
Harlem Renaissance- The New Negro, increased appreciation for Jazz- Whitesbecame more and more interested in black culture, causing exploitation of