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Pathway ISPA

Pathway ISPA

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Published by Qoys M Iqbal

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Published by: Qoys M Iqbal on Jul 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/24/2013

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Pathway ISPAVirusBakteri jamurterhirupMenempel padaHidung; SinusFaring LaringRinitis;sinusitisFaringitisLaringitisMenginvasi selSel korbanmengirimkan sinyal
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aktivasisistem imunMelepaskanmediator inflamasiMengeluarkanIL-1, IL-6Responpertahanan selLimfadenopati regional(tonsil)Menyumbat makanTonsil faringealMenyumbat lubanghidung posteriorUdara tak bisamasuk lewatBenapasdengan mulutprostaglandinAreo preotikhipotalamus
set pointdemamVasodilatasi areayang terinfeksiRubor, kalor
produksi mukusKongesti hidungKesulitan saatbernapasMaserasi mukosahidungUlserasi membranmukosaRentan infeksisekunderMK: Bersihan jalannapas tidak efektif MK: Resiko tinggiinfeksi (penyebaran)EdemamukosaBlokadeostium sinusRetensi mukusRasa penuh dankongestiMukopurupen padainfeksi bakteriNyerimalaiseanoreksiaMK: Risti nutrisi kurangdari kebutuhan tubuh
intake nutrisihipermetabolikMenyebarke sinussinusitisMenyebar ke jaringanlunak orbitaSelulitis orbita atau abses,osteomielitis, meningitis,
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aktivasisistem imunNyeri saatmenelan (disfagia)Menyebar ketonsiltonsilitisSelulitisperitonsilarAbsesperitonsilarTrismus danotalgia ipsilateralMK: Resiko tinggiinfeksi (penyebaran)
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aktivasisistem imun

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