Urban planning and Sustainable Development
CSTB, La Calade, Cenergia, Ambit, IOER, Quasco, ICIE, ITeC, CAATB, UWE
Sustainable development has recently been the subject of laws and regulations.
Over the lastdecade or so, and in all parts of Europe, a series of measures have been introduced which have aimedto steer and define urban planning. Covering issues such as the need for a logical structure to projects,for urban policy standardisation, for transversality, for the implementation of integrated approachesand for a dialogue with inhabitants, this effort to guide regulations towards sustainable developmenthas been acclaimed on all sides.
What has been the scope of these measures?
The aim of the present study is to answer this question by
illustrating how urban and territorial(national and regional) planning can promote or hinder the sustainable development (SD)
of regions, towns and neighbourhoods.
The study makes the main following points:
In the first instance, it defines the legislative and statutory context of the legislation governingtown planning in each European country included in the project.
It then proceeds to describe the one or two main acts concerned and focus on the objectives,the development and the assessment of these acts.
The experience of Local Agenda 21 and other types of best practice are also presented.
In respect of 21 SD targets, a synthesis is made of the laws and regulations of each country:this leads to a number of recommendations.
An overall synthesis is presented which answers the question: how can urban planningencourage Sustainable Development in cities and their neighbourhoods?