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The Modern Olympic Games_ Timothy Mahea

The Modern Olympic Games_ Timothy Mahea

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Published by Mahea
The Modern Olympic Games

Introduction
The world’s most important sports event for over a hundred years – Idea of Frenchman Pierre de Coubertin – Olympic Games celebrated in a different country every four years – Games of the Olympiad (Summer Games) – Olympic Winter Games. 2

Evolution of the Games
Athens 1896: past heritage – Innovations: more sports, more athletes, participation of women, Winter Games – Establishment of traditions in the opening and closing ceremonies – Sport, art and culture.
The Modern Olympic Games

Introduction
The world’s most important sports event for over a hundred years – Idea of Frenchman Pierre de Coubertin – Olympic Games celebrated in a different country every four years – Games of the Olympiad (Summer Games) – Olympic Winter Games. 2

Evolution of the Games
Athens 1896: past heritage – Innovations: more sports, more athletes, participation of women, Winter Games – Establishment of traditions in the opening and closing ceremonies – Sport, art and culture.

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Published by: Mahea on Jul 31, 2012
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© The Olympic Museum, 2
nd
edition 2007
Itroctio
The world’s most important sports event or over a hundred years –Idea o Frenchman Pierre de Coubertin – Olympic Games celebratedin a dierent country every our years – Games o the Olympiad(Summer Games) – Olympic Winter Games.
Eotio o te Games
 Athens 1896: past heritage – Innovations: more sports, more ath-letes, participation o women, Winter Games – Establishment o traditions in the opening and closing ceremonies – Sport, art andculture.
Omic sorts
Criteria or inclusion in the programme o the Games – Sports, dis-ciplines and events – The programme o the Summer and Winter Olympic Games – Leading sports and demonstration sports.
Atetes at te Games
 Athletes’ lead-up to the Games Lie in the Olympic Village Reasons or taking part, unique experience.
Rewars
Medals at the Summer and Winter Games – Diplomas and medalspresented – Ater the Games: winners’ glory.
Te Games i Moer Societ
Improved transport: a benet or the Games – Broadcasting o theGames by the media – Political and diplomatic use o the Games –Geography o the Games.
23691113
Te Moer Omic Games
 
2
© The Olympic Museum, 2
nd
edition 2007
Itroctio
A SpORTS phEnOMEnOn unlIkE Any OThER
The Olympic Games have become one o the biggest sporting events o our time. Athletesrom the
etire wor
take part. Their achievements are watched rom both near and ar by hundreds o millions o spectators. The ve rings on the Olympic fag represent theinternational nature o the Games.
[see sheets “The Olympic Symbols”] 
. What makes the Olympic Games dierent rom other sports events ?The Games are held every our years. They are the largest sporting celebration in terms o the number o sports on the programme, the number o athletes present and the number o people rom dierent nations gathered together at the same time in the same place.The Games are a well-known event, but are also part o a broader ramework which is thato the
Omic Moemet
.The purpose o the Olympic Movement is to:link sport with culture and education;promote the practice o sport and the joy ound in eort;help to build a better world through sport practised in a spirit o peace, excellence,riendship and respect.
ThE SuMMER GAMES And ThE WInTER GAMES
The Olympic Games include the
Games o te Omia (i.e. te Smmer Games)
and the
Omic Witer Games
.The word
Omia
designates the
or-ear erio
that separates each edition o the Summer Games. The Summer and Winter Games originally took place in the same year, but since 1992the Winter Games have been held two years rom the Summer Games. The Summer Games andthe Winter Games continue to be organised once every our years.In the Summer Games, athletes compete in a wide variety o competitions on the track, on theroad, on grass, in the water, on the water, in the open air and indoors, in a total o 
28 sorts
.The Winter Games eature
see sorts
practised on snow and ice, both indoors and outdoors.
hISTORy 
It was
pierre e Coerti
o France who dreamt up this ambitious project, althoughothers beore him had tried to revive these Games during the 19th century, without havingCoubertin’s success. Drawing inspiration rom the ancient Olympic Games, he decidedto create the modern Olympic Games. With this purpose, he ounded the
IteratioaOmic Committee (IOC) i 1894
in Paris. The new committee set itsel the objective o organising the
frst Omic Games o moer times
.The date o the rst Games,
1896
, marked the beginning o an extraordinary adventurethat has now lasted or over a century!
Te Moer Omic Games
 
COubERTIn And hIS vIEWO WOMEn
Like most o the men o his time,Pierre de Coubertin was not inavour o the participation o women in the Olympic Games.“… the true Olympic hero, in my  view, is the individual adult male.”
Le Sport Suisse, 31st year, 7  August 1935, p. 1.
3
© The Olympic Museum, 2
nd
edition 2007
Eotio o te Omic Games
Pierre de Coubertin drew his inspiration rom the ancient Olympic Games which wereheld in Olympia (Greece) between the 8
th
century B. C. and the 4
th
century A.D.
[ see sheet “The Olympic Games in Ancient Greece ].
ThE lEGACy O ThE pAST
In 1896, more than 1,500 years ater the ancient Games were banned, the rst modernOlympic Games eatured many reerences to this legacy o Greek Antiquity.The IOC’s decision to hold them in
Ates
(Greece) was a reminder that the OlympicGames
origiate i Greece
.The majority o the competitions took place in the ancient stadium (the
paateaicStaim
), which was restored or the occasion.Most o the sports on the programme o the ancient Olympic Games were echoed in themodern Games.The organisers even went as ar as inventing a new race, inspired by alegendary event: the
marato race
.
InnOvATIOnS
 Although the modern Olympic Games were inspired by the past, they are also quitedierent:
GAMES AROund ThE GlObE
In contrast with the Olympic Games o Antiquity, each edition o the modern Gamestakes place in principle in a
ieret cit a cotr
.
lOnGER GAMES
In ancient times, the Games were held rst on one day, and nally over ve days.Today the ocial duration is no more than
16 as
.
AThlETES ROM All OvER ThE WORld
The ancient Olympic Games were the preserve o Greek citizens, whereas the modernGames are
oe to a
. The 245 participants in Athens in 1896 came rom 14 dierentcountries.The 1912 Games in Stockholm (Sweden) were the rst to boast the presence o nationaldelegations rom the
fe cotiets
. The universality o the Olympic Games was assured.
WOMEn jOIn In
 As at the ancient Games, the Olympic Games in Athens in 1896 were an exclusively 
mae
 preserve. When
wome
made their Olympic debut our years later at the 1900 Games inParis (France), only two sports were open to them: tennis and gol.In early 20th century society, emale athletes had to deal with a great deal o prejudice :there were ears that they would lose their emininity by growing overly muscular or beco-ming sterile. The rst emale athletes had to ace up to this type o preconception. Little by little, they earned a place at the Games, sport by sport, and event by event.
Te Moer Omic Games
ThE MARAThOn
This race commemorates theexploit o a soldier who, in 490 BC,ran rom Marathon to Athens toannounce that the Persians hadbeen deeated in battle (distan-ce: approx. 34.5km).The marathon race has been onthe Olympic programme sincethe Athens Games in 1896. TheOrganising Committee o the1908 Games in London xed thelength o the marathon at 42km195m, the last 195 metres beingadded to enable the course to gorom Windsor Castle to the RoyalBox in the London Stadium. Thisbecame the ocial distance aso the Games in 1924.
ThE pAnAThInAIkO STAdIuM
in Athens hosted the ancientsports competitions known as thePanathenaea.

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