ABOUT THE PROJECT
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) manages a research programthat fosters renewable energy technologies and integratedsystems. Its goal is to improve the reliability, cost eﬀectivenessand social and environmental advantages of these technologiesand systems so that they become the preferred energy optionsfor people who live oﬀ the electrical grid. The Yukon Energy Solutions Centre (ESC) provides technicalservices, undertakes research and demonstration projects,and manages programs to facilitate eﬃcient and renewableenergy solutions for residential, commercial, First Nations andgovernment clients. The Yukon oﬀ-grid residential renewable energy project is acollaborative eﬀort of NRCan and ESC. The project consistedﬁrst of a survey of 254 Yukon oﬀ-grid residence owners. This wasfollowed by a baseline study of the renewable energy usage andenergy eﬃciency of 30 of these oﬀ-grid residences. Finally, anintegrated design charrette was held to focus on three of theseresidences.Other parts of the project include the provision of technicalsupport for the upgrade of renewable energy systems and theenergy eﬃciency of the participating homes, as well as thecreation of this guide.
OFF-GRID LIVING1 Introduction3 What off-grid living means:Characteristics of anoff-grid home4 Where to build an off-gridhome: Site layout6 How to build an off-gridhome: Case study of theLuet house
HOME RENEWABLEENERGY SYSTEMS DESIGN10 Planning11 Batteries15 Generation24 Regulating and monitoring29 Efﬁcient power use33 Renewable heat sources
RECOMMENDATIONS36 Lessons learned
APPENDICES39 Integrated design charrette40 Load calculation43 Solar radiation44 References
Energy Solutions Centre
206A Lowe StreetWhitehorse, Yukon Y1A 1W6Telephone: (867) 393-7063Fax: (867) email@example.com
Natural Resources Canada
PV and Hybrid Systems1615 Lionel-Boulet BoulevardVarennes, Quebec J3X 1S6www.nrcan-rncan.gc.ca
All photos by Peter Long, Joel Luet orEnergy Solutions Centre.NRCan and the Energy SolutionsCentre would like to acknowledge thecontributions of R. Alward and F. Sheriff,CETC-Varennes, S. Henderson andAbri Sustainable Design ConsultingInc., as well as the efforts of the YukonEnergy Solutions Centre, participatingCarcross, Takhini and Long Lakehomeowners, charrette participantsincluding housing and energy experts,NRCan/CETC-Ottawa, northern housingexperts, Canada Mortgage and HousingCorporation, Federation of CanadianMunicipalities, and energy serviceproviders in Whitehorse, Yukon. Theproject was funded through Canada’sProgram of Energy Research andDevelopment POL 3.2.2, managed byDr. Lisa Dignard-Bailey, CETC-Varennes.
© Energy Solutions Centre and Natural Resources Canada, April 2005