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Organizational Text Patterns
Expository texts, such as chapters in textbooks, have different organizationalpatterns. These patterns, or structures, can often be identified by
Text Pattern: Cause and EffectWhat is it?
Text organized to show cause and effect identifies the reasons thatevents occur and their results.
How to do it.
Signal words that help identify a cause and effect pattern includethe following:as a result because consequently due toeffects of for for this reason hencehow if . . . then in order to is caused by leads to may be due to so so thatthereby therefore thus when . . . then
Read the following passage. Then list causes and effects in a graphicorganizer like the one below.
As a result of the Civil War, many Americans began thinking of the United States as one country, rather than as a collection of sovereign states. Slavery nolonger existed because of the war. There were terrible costs, though. Due to thewar, more than 620,000 soldiers lay dead. Croplands lay in ruins. It would take generations for the South to recover.
Graphic Organizer: Cause and Effect