Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
0Activity

Table Of Contents

1.2 A guide to this guide
2. FUNDAMENTALS
2.1. Principle of transformer action
2.2. Sample calculation
2.4 Parallel operation of transformers
2.5. Losses in Transformers
2.5.1. Dielectric Losses
2.5.2. Hysteresis Loss
2.5.3. Eddy Current Losses in the Core
2.5.4. Resistive losses in the windings
2.5.5. Eddy Current Losses in conductors:
2.3.6 Extra Eddy Losses in Structural Parts
3. TRANSFORMER OPERATIONS
3.1 Variation of losses during operation
3.1.1. Variation of losses with loading level
3.1.2. Variation in Constant losses
3.1.3. Variation in Load Losses
3.2. Loss Minimisation in Application & Operation
3.2.1. Selection of Rating and Number of Transformers
3.2.2. Energy Saving by Under-utilisation of transformers
3.2.3. Reduction of losses due to improvement of power factor
3.3. Segregation of non linear loads
3.4. Effect of operating temperature
3.5. Assessing the effects of Harmonics
3.5.1. U.S. Practice – K- Factor
3.5.2. European Practice- ‘Factor K’
4. REDUCTION OF LOSSES AT DESIGN STAGE
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Minimising Iron Losses
4.2.1. Losses in Core
4.2.2. Amorphous cores
4.3. Minimising Copper losses
4.4. Choice of liquid-filled or dry type
5. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
1.1 Introduction
5.2 Total Ownership cost of transformers
5.3 Decisions for changeover to new equipment
5.4 Sample Calculations
6 CASE STUDIES
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Case Study 1
Illustrative Calculations
6.2.1 Factor for Harmonics
6.2.2 Percentage of Eddy Losses in Load Losses:
6.2.3 Full load losses for Harmonic Loading:
6.2.4 Relative economics for low loss transformers (All Dry type)
6.2.5 Summary:
6.3 Case Study-2: Non ferrous metal sector
6.4 Case Study-3: Paper & Pulp Company
6.5 Case Study-4 Chemical Industry
6.6 Case Study 5 Case of a Large Data Hotel Start Up
6.7 Summary of European Case Studies:
6.8 Case Study 6: Tea Industry (India)
6.9 Case Study 7: Steel Mill (India)
6.10 Case Study-8: Automobile Plant (India)
6.11 Case Study -9: Improving Reliability and availability
6.12 Case study-10: Use of Amorphous Core Transformers
ANNEXURE-1: GUIDELINES FOR INSTALLING TRANSFORMERS
ANNEXURE-2: MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
REFERENCES
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Best Practice Manual-transformers

Best Practice Manual-transformers

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1 |Likes:
Published by shagungarg

More info:

Published by: shagungarg on Aug 01, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/01/2012

pdf

text

original

You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 5 to 46 are not shown in this preview.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->