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The Accountability Axis Group

The Accountability Axis Group

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In the past thirty years, Tanzania has seen a rapid multiplication in the creation and operation of civil society organisations (CSOs). These organisations play a significant role in the lives of Tanzanian women and men, from service provision to increasing access to entitlements. The depth of these contributions was recognised by the Tanzanian government in the National NGO Policy (2001), in which CSOs are highlighted as critical partners in the development process. In line with this document, the Arusha Community Development Department (CDD) has invited representatives from the DPU to conduct research on how to best support NGO efficacy.

Defining efficacy as ‘results achieved’ and to whom these results are ‘relevant’, this report examines the complex accountability relationships between NGOs, donors, local government, and ultimately the citizens themselves. We refer to this as the ‘the accountability axis.’ More specifically, we examined the vertical, horizontal, and downward manifestations of accountability using three tactical methods:
- Understanding how CSOs/NGOs working in Sekei respond to the needs expressed by different groups of women and men, girls and boys.
- Considering how CSOs/NGOs activities in Sekei promote the development of democracy.
- Examining how the CDD can strengthen its relationship with CSOs/NGOs in Sekei.

Following a five-day field research period, we found:
- A wide range of CSO/NGO activity in the areas of HIV/AIDS education, microfinance, and care for orphans and vulnerable children.
- A strong culture of grassroots-level community formations (particularly women’s savings groups).
- The need for strengthened mutual engagement, transparency, and communication between the CDD and CSOs.

Drawing on these findings, we conclude with two tailored recommendations on how to:
- Generate a community network to further increase citizen participation, voice, and access to information.
- Create a position for NGO representation in the government monitoring process, thereby strengthening the relationship between CSOs/NGOs and the CDD.
In the past thirty years, Tanzania has seen a rapid multiplication in the creation and operation of civil society organisations (CSOs). These organisations play a significant role in the lives of Tanzanian women and men, from service provision to increasing access to entitlements. The depth of these contributions was recognised by the Tanzanian government in the National NGO Policy (2001), in which CSOs are highlighted as critical partners in the development process. In line with this document, the Arusha Community Development Department (CDD) has invited representatives from the DPU to conduct research on how to best support NGO efficacy.

Defining efficacy as ‘results achieved’ and to whom these results are ‘relevant’, this report examines the complex accountability relationships between NGOs, donors, local government, and ultimately the citizens themselves. We refer to this as the ‘the accountability axis.’ More specifically, we examined the vertical, horizontal, and downward manifestations of accountability using three tactical methods:
- Understanding how CSOs/NGOs working in Sekei respond to the needs expressed by different groups of women and men, girls and boys.
- Considering how CSOs/NGOs activities in Sekei promote the development of democracy.
- Examining how the CDD can strengthen its relationship with CSOs/NGOs in Sekei.

Following a five-day field research period, we found:
- A wide range of CSO/NGO activity in the areas of HIV/AIDS education, microfinance, and care for orphans and vulnerable children.
- A strong culture of grassroots-level community formations (particularly women’s savings groups).
- The need for strengthened mutual engagement, transparency, and communication between the CDD and CSOs.

Drawing on these findings, we conclude with two tailored recommendations on how to:
- Generate a community network to further increase citizen participation, voice, and access to information.
- Create a position for NGO representation in the government monitoring process, thereby strengthening the relationship between CSOs/NGOs and the CDD.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: The Bartlett Development Planning Unit - UCL on Aug 01, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/01/2012

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TheAccountabilityAxis
by
StephanieButcher
WOROCOUNTCHARACTERCOUNT
829649953
TIMESUBMITIEOPAPER1013-JUN-201103:23AM11520451
 
TheAccountabilityAxis
ExploringtheeffectivenessofNGOsinSekeiward
Stephanie
ButcherMidoriKaga
OzunKoca
ChristineOram
MaXiao
AlfredYeboah
 
Abbreviations3,Listofappendecies5Ackuowledgements
6
ExecutiveSummary7
1.0
Introduction
9
1.1.AbriefoverviewofpoliticalandCSOshistoryinTanzania91.2.Currentpolicycontext.101.3.
The
StudyArea.101.4.PurposeandObjective's[I2.0M,etbodol.ogy112.1.
lnitial
Research112.2.AnalyticalFramework1.22.3.PrimaryResearchillSekeiward13
2.4.
ConstraintsandLimitations
ofthe
Research
.14
3.0.
FindingsandAnalysis
15
3.1.
N
GOeffectivenessinmeetingcitizens"identifiedneedsin
Arusha15
3.1.1.NGOActivityWithinSekei1.53.1.2.OrphansandVulnerableChildrenL63.1.3.NGO/CBOpartnershipsillHIV/AIDSeducation
1.7
3,.1A.
Microfinnnoe173.1.5.NGOslocatedinSekeiwardwithactivitiesoutside
ofthe
ward[.83.2.ThePrometionofDemeeracy193.2.1.PromotionofdemocracythroughagrassrootsHIV/AIDScommunitygroup193.2.2.Limitedspaceforrepresentationofdiversecitizens'voice
213.3CreationofanenablingenvfromnentforCSOa.ctivity
.in
Arusba
2:2:
3.3.1.SupportattheWOlevel.223.3.2.SupportfromtheCDD2241.0Reeemmeudations234.1.ImproveCormnunity-to-Nfit)communication244.2.StrengthentheRelationshipbetweenNGOS/CSOsandtheCDD26Bibliography
26
APPEN.DrX.127Institutionalstructureatcitylevel.,27Appendix
2
28
Map
ofArushaandSekei28Appendix329Termsofreference29Appendix43,6Stakeholderidentification3,6Append
ix
53,7Questionnaires3,7Appendix63,9Profileofcivilsocietyorganisationsinterviewed39Appendix
7'
41Profileofhouseholdinterviewees41

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