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Control System

Control System

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Published by: Aishwarya Chandrasekar on Aug 01, 2012
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CHENNAI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Sarathy Nagar, Kundrathur, Pudupedu, Chennai– 600 069.
CHENNAI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Page 1
Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringSubject Name:Control SystemsSubject Code: 
EC 2255
 
UNIT ICONTROL SYSTEM MODELLINGPART – A1. What is a control system?
Control system is the system which the output quantity is controlled by varyingthe input quantity then the system.
2. What are the two major types of control system?
The two major types of control system are1. Open loop system2. Closed loop system.
3. What is meant by open loop control system?
Open loop control system is the system in which the output quantity has noeffect upon the input quantity. This means that the output is not feedback to theinput for correction.
4. What is meant by closed loop control system?
Closed loop control system is the system in which the output has an effect uponthe input quantity so as to maintain the desired output value are called
5. What is feedback? What type of feedback is employed in control system?
The feedback is a control action in which the output is sampled and aproportional signal is given to input for automatic correction of any changes indesired output. Negative feedback is employed in control system.
 
CHENNAI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Sarathy Nagar, Kundrathur, Pudupedu, Chennai– 600 069.
CHENNAI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Page 2
6. Why negative feedback is invariably preferred in a closed loop system?
The negative feedback is invariably preferred in a closed loop system becauseit results in better stability in steady state and rejects any disturbance signals. It alsohas low sensitivity to parameter variations. Hence negative feedback is preferred inclosed loop system.
7. What are the characteristics of negative feedback?
The characteristics of negative feedback are as follows:1.
 
Accuracy is tracking steady state value2.
 
Rejection of disturbance signals3.
 
Low sensitivity to parameter variations4.
 
Reduction in gain at the expense of better stability.
8. What is the effect of positive feedback on stability?
The positive feedback increases the error signal and drives the output toinstability. But sometimes the positive feedback is used in minor loops in controlsystems to amplify certain internal signals or parameters.
9. What are the components of feedback control system?
The components of feedback control system are1. Plant2. Feedback path3. Elements4. Error detector5. Controller.
 
CHENNAI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Sarathy Nagar, Kundrathur, Pudupedu, Chennai– 600 069.
CHENNAI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Page 3
10. Define transfer function.
The transfer function of a system is defined as the ratio of the Laplacetransform of output to Laplace transform of input with zero initial conditions.
11. What are the basic elements used for modeling mechanical translationalsystem.
The basic elements used for modeling mechanical translational system are mass,spring and dashpot.
12. What are the basic elements used for modeling mechanical rotationalsystem?
The basic elements used for modeling mechanical rotational system are1. Moment of inertia J2. Dashpot with rotational frictional coefficient B3. Torsional spring with stiffness K.
13. Name two types of electrical analogous for mechanical system.
The two types of analogies for the mechanical system are1. Force voltage analogy 2. Force current analogy
14. What is block diagram?
A block diagram of a system is a pictorial representation of the functionsperformed by each component of the system and shows the flow of signals. Thebasic elements of block diagram arrow block, branch point and summing point.
15. What is the basis for framing the rules of block diagram reductiontechnique?
The rules for block diagram reduction technique are framed such that anymodification made on the diagram does not alter the input output relation.

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