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K - Design Aspects of the NEcco 32,900 M.T. Coal Fired Self-Unloading Collier - 1982 - Quincy Shipbuilding Division - General Dynamics - USA

K - Design Aspects of the NEcco 32,900 M.T. Coal Fired Self-Unloading Collier - 1982 - Quincy Shipbuilding Division - General Dynamics - USA

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Published by CoalFiredShipTech
The naval architects and marine engineers charged with designing a coal fired ship today are fortunate to have ready reference to papers in this and preceding symposia that describe the detail of available coal forwarding, coal burning and ash disposal systems.

From the Third International Coal-Fired Ships Conference - London, UK - November 17-18, 1982

Discussion of shipbuilding techniques, coal and ash handling technology and the future of coal as a fuel for modern ships.
The naval architects and marine engineers charged with designing a coal fired ship today are fortunate to have ready reference to papers in this and preceding symposia that describe the detail of available coal forwarding, coal burning and ash disposal systems.

From the Third International Coal-Fired Ships Conference - London, UK - November 17-18, 1982

Discussion of shipbuilding techniques, coal and ash handling technology and the future of coal as a fuel for modern ships.

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Published by: CoalFiredShipTech on Aug 02, 2012
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DESIGNASPECTSOFTHENECCO32,900M.T.COALFIREDSELF-UNLOADINGCOLLIERDr.RolfGlasfeld
QuincyShipbuildingDivision,GeneralDynamics,U.S.A.
INTRODUCTIONThenavalarchitectsandmarineengineerschargedwithdesigningacoalfiredshiptodayarefortunatetohavereadyreferencetopapersinthisandprecedingsymposiathatdescribethedetailsofavailablecoalforwarding,coalburn-ingandcoalashdisposalsystems.Thisdiscussionwillnot,'therefore,dwellonthemechanicaldetailsofthosesystemsasappliedtotheself-unloadingcoalfiredcollierdesignedandbeingbuiltbyGeneralDynamics.Instead,weshallattempttoprovideanoverviewoftherationaleofallaspectsoftheproject.Thisgivesequalweighttoissuesrelatedtocoalascargoandcoalasfuel,whichwejustifyonthebasisthatuntilthereisbroadworldwideavailabilityofcoalingstations,thetwoshallremainstronglyrelated.Additionalmotivationforthisbroaderdiscussionisthatthetraditionalself-unloadingcollierhasbeendevelopedprimarilyforserviceintheGreatLakesregionbetweenCanadaandtheUnitedStates,withonlylimitedapplicabilitytoocean-goingvessels.Thisgeographiclimitationmaydisappearwithincreasinginter-nationaltradeincoalandsimilarbulkcommodities.Fordetailsofthecoalrelatedmachinerycomponentsofthisship,referenceismadetothepapersbyCooper('82),Dirriwachter('82),Steele('82)andPotts('82).Inaddition,theAppendixsummarizesshipdata,includingparticularsonequipmentrelevanttocoalasfuelandascargo.
DayTwo-PaperNo.3
 
PROJECTBACKGROUNDWhentheNewEnglandElectricSystemreceivedthelastofmanypermitsre-quiredtoconvertitsBraytonPointgeneratingstationinFallRiver,Massachusettsfromoiltocoal,themeansofdeliveryofthatcoalhadtobedecided.SinceBraytonPointhasnorailroadfacilities,oceanshipmentwasthesolution.NewEnglandElectricsentbidrequeststoabout20shippingcompaniesask-ingfortransportationproposalsfor1.5milliontonsofcoalperyear,laterincreasedto2.1milliontonsperyearwhensomeeconomyofscalebecameapparent.Specifically,a70percentincreaseinvesseldeadweightresultedinabouta25per-centreductionintransportationcost.Routeandterminalsimposedupperlimitsonshipsize.InadditiontoBraytonPoint,deliverieswerealsoconsideredtoplantsinSalemHarbor,MassachusettsandProvidence,RhodeIsland.Figure1indicatesthesourcesofcoalfortheproject,theprospectiveshippingterminals,androutestotheabovegeneratingstations.TheeconomicsofintracoastalcargomovementintheUnitedStatesgeneral-lyrequireconsiderationofbothshipsandunmannedbargespushedbytugs.Inathirdandfinalroundofbidding,twoissuescametogethertofavorshipsoverbarges.OnewasthedecisionbyNewEnglandElectrictorequireself-unloadingvessels.Withservicetoatleasttwoterminals,oneunloadinginstallationaboardashipwasconsideredtobelessexpensivethanmultipleinstallationsashore.Thein-creaseintotalcargotobemovedhadcausedbargeproposalstobebasedonmulti-pleunitsystems,whichwouldhaveincreasedthetotalcostofinstalledoffloadingequipment.AseconddecidingfactorwasNewEnglandElectric'sevaluationoftheeconomicadvantageandsourcereliabilityofburningcoalaboardship,whichwasconsideredtobeimpracticablefortugboats.Theamountofcoalmovedbythecollierhasbeenlimitedtoabout65percentoftheutility'stotalrequirements,withtheremaindertobetransportedbyoneormoreoftwobargesandoneshipnowoncharterforthistrade..OWNER'SREQUIREMENTSGeneralDynamicsdesignedandpricedvariouspreliminarycollierproposalsinresponsetoinquiriesbyKeystoneShippingCo.,thecompanyselectedbyNewEnglandElectrictooperatethevessel.ThedesignwasalsoevaluatedonbehalfoftheutilitybypersonnelfromtheofficesofJ.J.Henry,Inc.ThefinalownershiparrangementevolvedintoajointventurebetweenNewEnglandElectricSystemandKeystoneShippingCo..namedtheNewEnglandCollierCo.(NECCO).
 
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