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ASTRO Palmistry

ASTRO Palmistry

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Published by Dhruva Tripathi

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Published by: Dhruva Tripathi on Aug 03, 2012
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07/18/2013

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ASTRO-PALMISTRY forum
www.astro-palmistry.comfollow us on twitte www.twitter.com/astro_palmistry
Here we will discuss about nails and diseases , personality and their association with palmistry. How to identify health issues from nails.
Nails and there types (based on shapes and sizes)
Scientifically, nails are very important in the life of a human being, because at the top ends of fingers are provided plenty of nerves which are very sensitive. Nails are of the following types :-1. Short Nail.2. Extremely Short Nail.3. Large Nail.4. Short and Flat Nails.5. Short and Thick Nail.6. Broad and Square Nail.7. More in Width and Short in Length Nail.8. Long and Thin Nail.9. Long and Slightly Bent Nail.10. Narrow Nail.11. Swollen and Projected Nail.12. Round Nail13. Small and Triangular Nail.
Growth Disturbances
YELLOW NAIL SYNDROMEA 1964 study described “yellow nail syndrome,” in which nails grow more slowly and develop a “heaped-up” or thickened appearance. The lateral sides of the nail plate show exaggerated convexity, the lunula(i.e., the white half-moon at the proximal edge of the nail bed) disappears, and the nail takes on a yellowhue.Nail Findings and Associated Systemic ConditionsNail findingAssociated systemic conditions
Shape or growth change
Clubbing
Inflammatory bowel disease, pulmonary malignancy, asbestosis, chronic bronchitis, COPD, cirrhosis,congenital heart disease, endocarditis, atrioventricular malformations, fistulas
Koilonychia
Iron deficiency anemia, hemochromatosis, Raynaud’s disease, SLE, trauma, nail-patella syndrome
Onycholysis
Psoriasis, infection, hyperthyroidism, sarcoidosis, trauma, amyloidosis, connective tissue disorders
 
Pitting
Psoriasis, Reiter’s syndrome, incontinentia pigmenti, alopecia areata
Beau’s lines
Any severe systemic illness that disrupts nail growth, Raynaud’s disease, pemphigus, trauma
Yellow nail
Lymphedema, pleural effusion, immunodeficiency, bronchiectasis, sinusitis, rheumatoid arthritis,nephrotic syndrome, thyroiditis, tuberculosis, Raynaud’s disease
Color change
Terry’s (white) nails
Hepatic failure, cirrhosis, diabetes mellitus, CHF, hyperthyroidism, malnutrition
Azure lunula
Hepatolenticular degeneration (Wilson’s disease), silver poisoning, quinacrine therapyHalf-and-half nailsSpecific for renal failure
Muehrcke’s lines
Specific for hypoalbuminemia
Mees’ lines
Arsenic poisoning, Hodgkin’s disease, CHF, leprosy, malaria, chemotherapy, carbon monoxide poisoning,other systemic insultsDark longitudinal streaksMelanoma, benign nevus, chemical staining, normal variant in darkly pigmented peopleLongitudinal striationsAlopecia areata, vitiligo, atopic dermatitis, psoriasisSplinter hemorrhageSubacute bacterial endocarditis, SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, antiphospholipid syndrome, peptic ulcerdisease, malignancies, oral contraceptive use, pregnancy, psoriasis, traumaTelangiectasiaRheumatoid arthritis, SLE, dermatomyositis, sclerodermaCOPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; SLE = systemic lupus erythematosus; CHF = congestiveheart failure.
CLUBBING
Clubbing of the nails is a thickening of the soft tissue beneath the proximal nail plate that results insponginess of the proximal plate and thickening in that area of the digit.1The cause of clubbing is poorly understood; the condition may result from megakaryocytes and platelet clumps that have escapedfiltration in the pulmonary bed and have entered the systemic circulation. Platelets then may releaseplatelet-derived growth factor at the nail bed, causing periosteal changes. The angle between the fingerproximal to the nail and the proximal nail plate is straightened, creating the “Schamroth sign,” which isan obliteration of the normally diamond-shaped space formed when dorsal sides of the distal phalangesof corresponding right and left digits are opposed
 
Clubbing occurs in patients with neoplastic diseases, particularly those of the lung and pleura. It alsomay accompany other pulmonary diseases, including bronchiectasis, lung abscess, empyema, pulmonaryfibrosis, and cystic fibrosis. Arteriovenous malformations or fistulas have been associated with clubbing,as have celiac disease, cirrhosis, and inflammatory bowel disease. Clubbing also may occur in patientswith congenital heart disease and endocarditis. The finding of clubbing without an obvious associateddisease should prompt a search for bronchogenic carcinoma or another occult reason for the finding.
KOILONYCHIA
Koilonychia is represented by transverse and longitudinal concavity of the nail, resulting in a “spoon-shaped” nail. This abnormality is sometimes a normal nail variant in infants, but it usually corrects itself within the first few years of life. Koilonychia also may result from trauma, constant occupationalexposure of the hands to petroleum-based solvents, or nail-patella syndrome. The latter is anautosomal-dominant condition that includes hypoplastic, easily dislocated patellas, renal and skeletalabnormalities, and glaucoma. Koilonychia has been associated with iron deficiency, with or withoutresultant anemia. Interestingly, it occasionally occurs in patients with hemochromatosis.Patients with Raynaud’s disease or lupus erythematosus can have spooning, but it usually is not anisolated finding. When spooning is present without an obvious associated illness, physicians shouldobtain a complete blood count and ferritin level to help rule out iron deficiency and hemochromatosis.
PITTING
Pitting of the nails shows as punctate depressions in the nail plate. Pitting usually is associated withpsoriasis, affecting 10 to 50 percent of patients with that disorder.Pitting also may be caused by avariety of systemic diseases, including Reiter’s syndrome and other connective tissue disorders,sarcoidosis, pemphigus, alopecia areata, and incontinentia pigmenti. Because pitting is caused bydefective layering of the superficial nail plate by the proximal nail matrix, any localized dermatitis (e.g.,atopic or chemical dermatitis) that disrupts orderly growth in that area also can cause pitting.

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