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01/17/2015

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Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme – Month 1
Level 1-Month 1 Lessons 1-9www.chitrapurmath.net 
 © 
Shri Chitrapur Math 2002-2012
 
1/37
Lesson 1. Wonder Why?
 
Have you ever wondered why Aham is sometimes written as
 
‚ 
 − 
 ¿
 
andsometimes as
 
‚ 
 − 
 ŸþÃ ?
 
 
Have you ever wondered why Poojya Swamiji , when singing bhajans,sometimes pronounces ( say for example) Aham as
 
‚ 
 − 
 Ÿþà 
 
andsometimes as
 
‚ 
 − 
 ›þÃ ?
 
 
The curious may move onto Lesson No. Two.
 
Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme – Month 1
Level 1-Month 1 Lessons 1-9www.chitrapurmath.net 
 © 
Shri Chitrapur Math 2002-2012
 
2/37
Lesson 2.
 
‚ 
 − 
 ¿
versus
‚ 
 − 
 Ÿþà 
To answer those riddles, we must first get familiar with the
¬¨þ£s
(vowels) and the
 
 ¨¡þØ 
  
 þ›þ 
s (consonants).
 ‚ ‚þ ƒ ƒÄ „ … † †¼¥þ¼ ¥þ¼ ‡ ‡½‚ø ‚ù ‚¿ ‚:
are the
¬¨þ£ 
s. Theyare complete in themselves and do not require the help of another letter tobe pronounced.
 ¬¨þ£ 
s are sixteen in number.
 
The
¨¡þØ 
  
 þ›þ 
s, on the other hand, are incomplete. They can bepronounced only with the help of a
 ¬¨þ£.
For example, the
ˆÅ 
we know and recognize, is actually a combination of
 ˆÃÅ 
and
. ˆÅ = ˆÃ   Å +‚ .
Without the
‚ 
, the
ˆÃÅ 
is unpronounceable..(isthere such a word ? ! )
 ˆÅþ = ˆÃÅ + ‚þ 
and so on and so forth.
 
A
¨¡þØ 
  
 þ›þ 
HAS to join up with a
¬¨þ£ 
to be pronounced. If the
¨¡þØ 
  
 þ›þ 
isa combination of two
¨¡þØ 
  
 þ›þ 
s, as in
œ¥þ ,
 you still need a
¬¨þ£ ,
in this casean
‚ ,
to be added to the
¥þ 
to pronounce the "conjunct"
œ¥þ |
The
¨¡þØ 
  
 þ›þ 
s are
  ˆÃ   Å ‰þà Šþà ‹þà 
 
 ŒÃ  
  
 þà ŽÃ  
  
 þà 
  
 þà  Øþà   Ùà Úà Ûà à 
 μ 
 þà  ·þà ˜þà ¸Ã  šþà  ›þà  œþà ûÃÅ 
  
 þà žþà  Ÿþà  ¡þà £Ã ¥þà ¨þà ªþà   «þà ¬þà  
 − 
 Ã §Ã âþà 
 
Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme – Month 1
Level 1-Month 1 Lessons 1-9www.chitrapurmath.net 
 © 
Shri Chitrapur Math 2002-2012
 
3/37
Thirty five of them.Interesting fact..Sixteen
¬¨þ£ 
s plus thirty five
¨¡þØ 
  
 þ›þ  
s make up the
  ¨þ 
 μ 
 þÄŸþþ¥þþ |
Add to it , three
s , it gives us fifty four. Fifty four plusfifty four, add up to a hundred and eight. We go over the entire
¨þ 
 μ 
 þÄŸþþ¥þþ 
twice, forwards and backwards, when we do one
Ÿþþ¥þþ 
of
 
  
 þœþ |
The
¨¡þØ 
  
 þ›þ 
s highlighted in the table are called
‚›é›þþ¹¬þˆ ¨¡þØ 
  
 þ›þ 
s
|
The oblique stroke at the bottom of the consonants is called a
 
 − 
 ¥þ›·þÃ |
That means the sound of that consonant is clipped.
 
A small example...the English word "cup" is pronounced as
"ˆÅœþà "
and
 ˆÅœþ 
iscuppa (as in I wanna cuppa tea...gottit? )In a sentence like
‚ 
 − 
 Ÿþà ‚›þþ¹ŸþˆÅþ 
( i am Anamika) the
Ÿþà  
is written as
Ÿþà 
toenable it to join with the
‚ (
a
¬¨þ£ )
in
‚›þþ¹ŸþˆÅþ 
, to form the completeletter
Ÿþ |
The sentence then becomes
‚ 
 − 
 Ÿþ›þþ¹ŸþˆÅþ |
If the sentence were
‚ 
 − 
 ŸþÃ ·þþ£þ 
, the
Ÿþà  
is unable to join with the
  ·þ 
in the
·þþ 
( a
¨¡þØ 
  
 þ›þ 
) of the
·þþ£þ 
, to form a single complete letter. Itcould become
Ÿ·þþ 
, but that would make it a conjunct and not a singlecomplete letter. Does the difference come through clearly?When faced with the prospect of becoming a conjunct,
Ÿþà  
convertsitself into a dot and places itself above the previous letter. Maintaining anidentity of its own, it now calls itself an
‚›é¬¨þþ£ |
The correct form of the sentence then becomes
‚ 
 − 
 ¿ ·þþ£þ |
So
Ÿþà 
is written as
Ÿþà  
, in two cases.....1.
 
when
Ÿþà  
is the last letter in a word and when the letter after it , inthe next word , is a
¬¨þ£ 
and 
2.
 
when it is at the end of a sentence...eg.
·þþ£þ ‚ 
 − 
 ŸþÃ | (
Why does
Ÿþà 
remain a
Ÿþà 
at the end of a sentence? Beats me. Some rules are juststated and we, poor things, just accept them.)

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