A Long-Term Survival Guide - 101 Ways To Start A Fire:
Fire is a useful survival tool, but how many ways are there for getting a fire started?Here is a modest list of various types of firestarting methods, grouped into rough general categories:
Concentrating sunlight to create enough heat for ignition is one of the easiest ways to start a fire, but italso has several limitations. These methods only work on sunny days, so they are useless at night, and infog, rain, snow, or overcast conditions. All sunlight-based methods work better when the sun is hot andintense (noon is best) and not as well (or not at all) if sunlight is weak, at morning, evening, or in winter.1: Magnifying glass: Almost any magnifying glass can be used to focus sunlight into a hot spot that willignite tinder, if the sun is reasonably strong. Works with both glass lenses, and plastic lenses.2: Fresnel lens: A Fresnel lens is just a regular lens that has been flattened, by having the curve of thelens divided into little steps, or segments. Fresnel lenses are available as large plastic magnifiers (usuallythe size of a sheet of paper), and smaller wallet-sized magnifiers. Both work, but larger is better.3: Bullseye (clear glass or acrylic balls): Clear glass or plastic spheres of various sizes can be used aslenses, for concentrating sunlight. The acrylic balls actually transmit more sunlight than glass spheres.