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A Long-Term Survival Guide - 101 Ways to Start a Fire

A Long-Term Survival Guide - 101 Ways to Start a Fire

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Published by buckonbeach
An illustrated list of various methods for starting a fire.
An illustrated list of various methods for starting a fire.

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Published by: buckonbeach on Aug 03, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/21/2013

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A Long-Term Survival Guide - 101 Ways To Start A Fire:
Fire is a useful survival tool, but how many ways are there for getting a fire started?Here is a modest list of various types of firestarting methods, grouped into rough general categories:
Sunlight Based:
Concentrating sunlight to create enough heat for ignition is one of the easiest ways to start a fire, but italso has several limitations. These methods only work on sunny days, so they are useless at night, and infog, rain, snow, or overcast conditions. All sunlight-based methods work better when the sun is hot andintense (noon is best) and not as well (or not at all) if sunlight is weak, at morning, evening, or in winter.1: Magnifying glass: Almost any magnifying glass can be used to focus sunlight into a hot spot that willignite tinder, if the sun is reasonably strong. Works with both glass lenses, and plastic lenses.2: Fresnel lens: A Fresnel lens is just a regular lens that has been flattened, by having the curve of thelens divided into little steps, or segments. Fresnel lenses are available as large plastic magnifiers (usuallythe size of a sheet of paper), and smaller wallet-sized magnifiers. Both work, but larger is better.3: Bullseye (clear glass or acrylic balls): Clear glass or plastic spheres of various sizes can be used aslenses, for concentrating sunlight. The acrylic balls actually transmit more sunlight than glass spheres.
 
 4: Improvised lens (glasses): It is possible to use glasses to start a fire, but not as easy as you mightthink. Reading glasses are often simple magnifying lenses, and work ok if the magnification is highenough, but most prescription glasses nowadays have specific shapes that do not work as well. Even so,you can often get success if you carefully bead a blob of clear water onto the top of the lens, to make amore effective lens shape (hold the glasses still, to avoid spilling the water, and move the tinder bundle,not the glasses, to find the best focal spot).5: Improvised lens (binoculars): Many optical devices contain lenses, which can be removed for use assunlight-based firestarters. Some work just fine as is, without needing to take them apart. Binoculars canbe used to start fires, by pointing the large end at the sun, and then finding the focal spot at the small end(this is why it is a very bad idea to look at the sun through binoculars!). Items 6, 7, 8, & 9 work the sameway. With variable-power optics, higher magnification settings usually work better than lower settings.6: Improvised lens (monocular)7: Improvised lens (telescope or spotting scope)8: Improvised lens (rifle scope)9: Improvised lens (camera lens)
 
 10: Improvised lens (clear ice): It is possible to make a serviceable lens from clear ice, and use it to starta fire, under good conditions. The ice must be clear, and clear ice is usually only found alongsiderunning streams. You can also boil water to remove the air, then freeze it to get clear ice to practicewith. An ice lens must be fairly large to work, as big as your hand or larger, and the edges must have afairly severe bevel, so it must also be three or four inches thick.11: Improvised lens (clear bottle and clear water): A clear plastic bottle can work as a lens, but only if the top is curved like the example shown, and only if it is filled with clear water.12: Improvised lens (clear balloon): A clear balloon can be filled with enough clear water to make aspherical lens, and it will work, but clear balloons are not a very common item.

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mikemenn added this note
What a great list! Nicely done.
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