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Civil Services Mentor February 2012 Www.upscportal

Civil Services Mentor February 2012 Www.upscportal

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Published by Lokesh Verma

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Published by: Lokesh Verma on Aug 04, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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UPSCPORTAL Currt Aairs : ttp://upscportal.com/ciilsrics/currtaairs
Integrated Guidance Programme for IAS (Pre) - 2012http://upscportal.com/civilservices/online-course/integrated-free-guidance-programme
Te United Nations ClimateChange Conerence in Durban, SouthArica, was held rom 28 November- 11 December 2011. Te conerenceinvolved a series o events, including theseventeenth session o the Conerenceo the Parties (COP 17) to the UNFramework Convention on ClimateChange (UNFCCC) and the seventhmeeting o the Conerence o theParties serving as the Meeting o Partiesto the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 7). Insupport o these two main bodies, ourother bodies convened: the resumed14th session o the Ad hoc WorkingGroup on Long-term CooperativeAction under the Convention (AWG-LCA); the resumed 16th session o theAd hoc Working Group on FurtherCommitments or Annex I Partiesunder the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP);and the 35th sessions o the Subsidiary Body or Implementation (SBI) andthe Subsidiary Body or Scientic andechnological Advice (SBSA).Te Conerence drew over12,480 participants, includingover 5400 government ocials,5800 representatives o UN bodiesand agencies, intergovernmentalorganizations and civil society organizations, and more than 1200members o the media. Te meetingsresulted in the adoption o 19 COPdecisions and 17 CMP decisions and theapproval o a number o conclusions by the subsidiary bodies. Tese outcomescover a wide range o topics, notably theestablishment o a second commitmentperiod under the Kyoto Protocol, adecision on long-term cooperativeaction under the Convention, the launcho a new process towards an agreedoutcome with legal orce applicable toall parties to the Convention, and theoperationalization o the Green ClimateFund.Te negotiations were driven by aseries o interdependent linkages—someconstructed to drive the negotiationsorward, some integral to the eld o climate change politics, and some baseddecisively on an understanding that 21stcentury global challenges need globalsolutions. Tis brie analysis examinessome o the dening interdependenciesthat help tell the story o the DurbanClimate Change Conerence and thelaunch o a new phase o climate changenegotiations. At the outset, expectationswere modest with many countrieseeling that “operationalizing” theCancun agreements was all that couldbe achieved. Others wanted a balancedand interdependent package within a year that resolved the Kyoto Protocolquestion, moved to a new legally-binding treaty and operationalized theGreen Climate Fund.In Durban early inormalconsultations helped to clariy the technicalities o the secondcommitment period under the KyotoProtocol, especially the two-stageapproach that deers the denitiono quantied emission limitation andreduction objectives (QELROs) andtheir adoption as amendments to AnnexB to the eighth session o the KyotoProtocol Meeting o the Parties, proved very useul in keeping prospectiveparticipants on board.Tis core demanddrew legitimacy rom Bali and helpedrame the Durban negotiations. Indeedit is arguable that the EU drated thescript or the central plot in Durbanby setting out their stall early in theprocess and oering to do the heavy liting to save the Kyoto Protocol withinthe context o a roadmap that put up a

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