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Chapter1 the Effect of Picture-cued Story-telling to Students' Ability in Writing at the Fourth Semester of Umb

Chapter1 the Effect of Picture-cued Story-telling to Students' Ability in Writing at the Fourth Semester of Umb

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Published by yeankyu
the effect of picture cued story telling to students' ability in writing descriptive text at the fourth semester of umb
the effect of picture cued story telling to students' ability in writing descriptive text at the fourth semester of umb

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Published by: yeankyu on Aug 04, 2012
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07/10/2013

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 1
CHAPTER IINTRODUCTION
 
In this chapter, the researcher describes the background, the researchquestion, research objective, significance of research, limitation of this problem,hypothesis and definition of key terms.
1.1.
 
Background
According to Briggs (in Arsyad, 2007:4
) “media
is all the physical toolsthat can present the message and stimulate students to
learn”
, it has beensupported by Sadiman (2005:7) who stated that:Everything that can be used to deliver messages from the sender to thereceiver so that it can stimulate the thoughts, feelings, concerns,and interests as well as students' attention in such a way that the learningprocess can occur.It can be seen that media has a role as a tool in increasing the interest andmotivations of the study.
That’s why, every teacher must have competences in
using teaching media. A media which is suggested for helping the success of teaching-learning is picture (Wright, 1989: 2-4).Picture is an effective memorytechnique to put information into the human brain, because the brain saves pictureand meaning, or words. It will make the students stimulate to cause vocabulariesappear and combine the words from the picture that is seen (Gunawan, 2004:109). 
According to Raimes (1983: 27) “a picture can be the basis
for ranging form
 
 2controlled compositions, sentence combining exercises, or sequencing of 
sentences to writing of original dialogs, letters, reports, or essays”. It can be seen
that through picture, the students are able to make the connection between pictureand print. By using a picture, the attention of students will be more focused, sopictures can create their inspirations, their wishes to know the content of themessage of that picture and they can write it in acomposition.According to Sadiman (2007: 29) there are many advantages of usingpicture as teaching media. They are as follows:(1) it is concrete: picture is more realistic in showing the main problemcompared to verbal media; (2) picture can overcome the boundary of spaceand time; (3) picture media can overcome the limitedness of wordobservation; (4) it can clarify a problem in every field and for every ages, sothat it can prevent or make true misunderstanding; (5) it is cheap and easy tobe gotten and used without needing special tools.It means that picture is one media that can be gotten easily and can givemany advantages not only for teachers as the sender informations but also forstudents as receiver. Students will feel easier and more interested to understandthe lesson that is being taught.Picture-cued story-telling considered as a picture or a series of pictures asstimulus for a longer story or description (Brown, 2004). According to Rafael
Sabio (2008) “picture
-cued story-telling is to provide the students with examplesof how chronology is used in discussions. Also it is used to illustrate the
situations.” It me
ans that students can get stimulus in appearing their idea bylooking pictures.
 
 3Stories do not only help in stimulating student's imagination andunderstanding of the world, but also in developing student's language ability andappreciating literature (Aiex, 1988; Cooper, 1989; Koki, 1998; Zobairi & Gulley,1989). Colon-vila (1997) also commented that
storytelling helps learners becomemore self-confident to express themselves spontaneously and creatively.
” So,
stories have always played a significant role in students.Writing is a complex process that allows writers to explore thoughts andideas, and make them visible and concrete (Gaith in Journal of Writing (2003:1).According to Ungan (2008:192)Writing is also a way of expressing communication; expressing our thoughts,feelings, plans, and experience. It is a basic language skill to be mastered inorder to develop the language. Writing is determined by transformingthoughts into words, words into sentences and sentences into paragraphs.Words are symbols that express our feelings, thoughts, objects, and conceptsthat belong to our world. However, words are not sufficient on their own toexpress our feelings, thoughts, judgments and actions; we need sentences tomake them meaningful. In this sense, a sentence is the basic unit of expression. Every sentence is built to convey a thought or a feeling. Whilebuilding a sentence, we determine our thoughts, arrange them, choose theright words and put them into the right order.It means that writing neeeds process and practice optimally. So that, thewriter can produce a good writing. But, based on informal observation, t
hestudents
at the fourth semester of Muhammadiyah University of Bengkulu who
have to develop their writing’s ability to write good English paragraph and write
paragraph in types of text
usually get difficulties in starting their writing. That willcause many students waste valuable time just for getting started. They said that it was

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