3Stories do not only help in stimulating student's imagination andunderstanding of the world, but also in developing student's language ability andappreciating literature (Aiex, 1988; Cooper, 1989; Koki, 1998; Zobairi & Gulley,1989). Colon-vila (1997) also commented that
storytelling helps learners becomemore self-confident to express themselves spontaneously and creatively.
stories have always played a significant role in students.Writing is a complex process that allows writers to explore thoughts andideas, and make them visible and concrete (Gaith in Journal of Writing (2003:1).According to Ungan (2008:192)Writing is also a way of expressing communication; expressing our thoughts,feelings, plans, and experience. It is a basic language skill to be mastered inorder to develop the language. Writing is determined by transformingthoughts into words, words into sentences and sentences into paragraphs.Words are symbols that express our feelings, thoughts, objects, and conceptsthat belong to our world. However, words are not sufficient on their own toexpress our feelings, thoughts, judgments and actions; we need sentences tomake them meaningful. In this sense, a sentence is the basic unit of expression. Every sentence is built to convey a thought or a feeling. Whilebuilding a sentence, we determine our thoughts, arrange them, choose theright words and put them into the right order.It means that writing neeeds process and practice optimally. So that, thewriter can produce a good writing. But, based on informal observation, t
at the fourth semester of Muhammadiyah University of Bengkulu who
have to develop their writing’s ability to write good English paragraph and write
paragraph in types of text
usually get difficulties in starting their writing. That willcause many students waste valuable time just for getting started. They said that it was