Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
11Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Basic Vibration Theory

Basic Vibration Theory

Ratings: (0)|Views: 124 |Likes:
Published by vinceq1
Basic vibration theory
Basic vibration theory

More info:

Published by: vinceq1 on Aug 04, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/26/2013

pdf

text

original

 
TECHNICALBULLETIN
UNISORB
MACHINERYINSTALLATION
SYSTEMS
GB-0008-2
BASICVIBRATIONANDVIBRATIONISOLATIONTHEORY
Theobjectofthefollowingistoacquainttheuserwiththeprinciplesandterminologyencounteredinanalyzingbasicvibratorysystems.Informationispresentedregardingthesimplevibratorysystemandtheprinciplesofvibrationisolationplusadiscussionofhowtheseprinciplesapplytoisolatedfoundationdesign.
THEBASICVIBltAT01YSYSTEM
Vibratorysystemsarecomprisedofameansforstoringpotentialenergy(i.e.,aspring)andameansforstoringKineticenergy(massorinertia)andameansbywhichtheenergyislost(dampened).Thevibrationofasimplevibratorysysteminvolvesthealternatingtransferofenergybetweenitspotentialandkineticforms.Inadampenedsystem,someenergyisdissipatedateachcycleofvibrationandmustbereplacedfromanexternalsourceifasteadystatevibrationistobemaintained.Althoughasinglephysicalstructuremaystorebothkineticandpotentialenergyandmaydissipateenergy,thepropertiesofthatstructurecanbestudiedasseparateelements.Asimpleandconvenientmethodofrepresentingtheelementsofasimplevibratorysystemistoconsiderthatthesystemiscomprisedofaspring,connectedtoarigidinfinitebodyandamasswhichissuspendedbythatspring.InaclassicaltheoreticalanalysiSthedampeningactionisrepresentedbyanadditionalelementconnectedinparallelwiththespringwhichhasthepropertyofdissipatingtheenergywithoutaffectingtheactionofthespring.Themassinthismodelprovidesthemethodofstoringkineticenergy,thespringprovidesthemethodofstoringpotentialenergyand,ofcourse,thedamper(ordashpot)providesthemethoddissipatingthevibratoryenergy(seeFigure1).
1
Figure1
 
Ifwedisplacethemassfromitsrestingpositionbystretchingthespring,weareimpartingpotentialenergythroughtheforceoperatingagainstthespring.Uponreleasingthespring,thepotentialenergystoredbeginstobeconvertedtokineticenergyasthemassisacceleratedfromitsrestingpositionbythespringasitreturnstoitsoriginallength.Alloftheenergyimpartedtothesystemisnowstoredinthekineticenergyofthemassasitpassesthroughthezeropointandcontinuestomoveupward.Kineticenergyistransformedbackintopotentialenergyandonceagainstoredinthespring.Atsomedisplacementabovetheatrestpositionthemasswillcometoacompletestopwiththekineticenergyagainhavingbeentransformedintopotentialenergyandstoredbythesystem.Theeventsdescribedareonecycleofasteadystatevibrationwhichwillrepeatitselfindefinitelyifnoenergyislostfromthesystem.Intherealworld,however,thiswouldnotbethecaseasasmallamountofenergyislostduringeachvibratorycycleindeflectingtheinternalstructureofthespringandthroughairresistanceonthemovingmass.Thisresultsinthedisplacementofthemassbeingslightlylesswitheachvibrationuntilnomotionisencounteredatall.Figure2Theequationsdefiningthis
"st-pleharaonic.ation"
are:2.1DisplacementXXoSIN(2ilfT)T=Time(period)
.
Xo(2I1f)cos2ilfTf=Frequency(Hz).2VelocityX
=
2.3
"
=-Xo(2ilf)2sin211fTAmplitudeofccelerationXXo=DisplacementFigure
3
3.1Displacement=XoXo3.2VelocityMax.=
.
(2ilf)Xoo3.3Acceleration
=
Xo(211f)2XoThemaximumvaluesofdisplacement,velocity,andaccelerationoccurwhenthetrigonometricfunctionoftheabovearenumericallyequalto
1.
TheexpressionsofFigure2thenbecomeFigure3.Displacementistypicallyexpressedininches,velocityasinchespersecondandaccelerationasa4imensionlessmUltipleofthegravitationalaccelerationg.IntheEnglishsystemg=386in/sec.2requiringthattheresultobtainedfromequation3.3abovebedividedby386toobtainthetraditionalvalue.
 
Thephrasecriticaldaapeningoftenisheardwhilediscussingvibratorysystemsandvibrationisolation.Aconditionofcriticaldampeningissimplyoneinwhichenergyislostthroughthedampeningdeviceataratesuchthatifthemassinthespringmasssystemdiscussedabove.wasdisplacedfromzero,itwouldreturntoitsoriginalpositiononly,andthesystemwouldnotbesetintovibratorymotion.----Fn-naturalfrequencyK
=
springconstantWweightofsuspendedbodyggravitationalconstant(386.2)
".=
3.1416Thetermnaturalfrequencyofavibratorysystemreferstotherateatwhichthevibratorymotionrepeatsintheabsenceofexternalinfluence.Forthesimplesingledegreeoffreedomsystem,ifthestiffnessofthespringisknownandtheweightofthesuspendedmassisknown,itispossibletoobtainthenaturalfrequencyincyclespersecondorHzbysolvingthefollowingrelationship:Figure4Intheexpression,Kisthespringconstantofthespring(expressedasthenumberofpoundsrequiredtocausethespringtobedeflectedoneinch).TheletterGreferstotheuniversalgravitationalconstant,386.2in/sec.TheletterWreferstotheweight(inpounds)ofthesuspendedmass.Thisrelationshipcanbemadeevensimplerthroughalittlealgebrawhichyieldsthefollowingrelationship:Figure5
1
=-
;g-
2"'''''
z:
d
stThetermdstrefersto,thestaticdeflectionininchesofthespringelementofthesystem(
d
st
=
7)
withMrepresentingthemassandKthespringconstantasbefore.Thisisthesimplestandmostusefulforminwhichthisrelationshipcanbeexpressedforourpurpose.Lookingattherelationship,itcanbeseenthattheonlyvariablepresentisthestaticdeflectionofthespring.Thenaturalfrequencyofaclassicalvibratorysystemthendependsdirectlyontheamountofdeflectionthatthespringexperienceswhenthesuspendedmassisattachedtoit.

Activity (11)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
kohatian27796105 liked this
mkhalil410 liked this
Patrickau liked this
yang3359 liked this
hassscribed liked this
Thắng Hồ liked this
Chris Bird liked this
rmm99rmm99 liked this
dsananda liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->