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Basic Vibration Theory

# Basic Vibration Theory

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Basic vibration theory
Basic vibration theory

Published by: vinceq1 on Aug 04, 2012

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06/26/2013

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TECHNICALBULLETIN
UNISORB
MACHINERYINSTALLATION
SYSTEMS
GB-0008-2
BASICVIBRATIONANDVIBRATIONISOLATIONTHEORY
THEBASICVIBltAT01YSYSTEM
1
Figure1

"st-pleharaonic.ation"
are:2.1DisplacementXXoSIN(2ilfT)T=Time(period)
.
Xo(2I1f)cos2ilfTf=Frequency(Hz).2VelocityX
=
2.3
"
=-Xo(2ilf)2sin211fTAmplitudeofccelerationXXo=DisplacementFigure
3
3.1Displacement=XoXo3.2VelocityMax.=
.
(2ilf)Xoo3.3Acceleration
=
Xo(211f)2XoThemaximumvaluesofdisplacement,velocity,andaccelerationoccurwhenthetrigonometricfunctionoftheabovearenumericallyequalto
1.

Thephrasecriticaldaapeningoftenisheardwhilediscussingvibratorysystemsandvibrationisolation.Aconditionofcriticaldampeningissimplyoneinwhichenergyislostthroughthedampeningdeviceataratesuchthatifthemassinthespringmasssystemdiscussedabove.wasdisplacedfromzero,itwouldreturntoitsoriginalpositiononly,andthesystemwouldnotbesetintovibratorymotion.----Fn-naturalfrequencyK
=
springconstantWweightofsuspendedbodyggravitationalconstant(386.2)
".=
1
=-
;g-
2"'''''
z:
d
stThetermdstrefersto,thestaticdeflectionininchesofthespringelementofthesystem(
d
st
=
7)
withMrepresentingthemassandKthespringconstantasbefore.Thisisthesimplestandmostusefulforminwhichthisrelationshipcanbeexpressedforourpurpose.Lookingattherelationship,itcanbeseenthattheonlyvariablepresentisthestaticdeflectionofthespring.Thenaturalfrequencyofaclassicalvibratorysystemthendependsdirectlyontheamountofdeflectionthatthespringexperienceswhenthesuspendedmassisattachedtoit.

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