The Center for the Study of Intelligence
CSI was founded in 1974 in response to Director of Central Intelli-gence James Schlesinger’s desire to create within CIA an organiza-tion that could “think through the functions of intelligence and bringthe best intellects available to bear on intelligence problems.” Thecenter, comprising professional historians and experienced practitio-ners, attempts to document lessons learned from past operations,explore the needs and expectations of intelligence consumers, andstimulate serious debate on current and future intelligence chal-lenges.To support these activities, CSI publishes
Studies in Intelligence
and books and monographs addressing historical, operational, doctri-nal, and theoretical aspects of the intelligence profession. It alsoadministers the CIA Museum and maintains the Agency’s HistoricalIntelligence Collection.
Comments and questions may be addressed to:
Center for the Study of IntelligenceCentral Intelligence AgencyWashington, DC 20505Printed copies of this book are available to requesters outside the USgovernment from:Government Printing Office (GPO)Superintendent of DocumentsPO Box 391954Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954Phone (202) 512-1800E-mail: Orders@gpo.govISBN: 978-1-929667-17-8
GPO Stock#: 04101500257-1
All statements of fact, opinion, or analysis expressed in this book are those of the author. They do not necessarily reflect official posi-tions of the Central Intelligence Agency or any other US government entity, past or present. Nothing in the contents should be construed asasserting or implying US government endorsement of the author’s factual statements and interpretations.