SAYRE’S MATERIA MEDICA - Part IV
Shrubs or small trees with simple leaves; branches somewhat spinescent.
an indehiscent, fleshy, winged drupe, with a hard, woodyendocarp, or a pod not arilled.
FRANGULABUCKTHORNThe dried bark of
Linné, collected at least one year beforeusing.BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS.—An elegant arborescent shrub, known as theberry-bearing alder.
entire, with about 7 pairs of nearly opposite parallel veins.
perfect, style simple; the fleshy berry is round, red, and on ripening becomesblack and juicy.
HABITAT.—Europe and Northern Asia.DESCRIPTION OF DRUG.—Quilled, about 1 mm. (
in.) thick; outersurface grayish-brown, or blackish-brown, with numerous small,whitish, transversely-elongated lenticels and occasional patches of foliaceous lichens; inner surface smooth, pale brownish-yellow; fracturein the outer layer short, of a purplish tint; in the inner layer fibrous andpale yellow; when masticated, coloring the saliva yellow; odor distinct;taste sweetish and bitterish.Medullary rays not converging at the outer ends (distinction from
); stone cells absent (distinction from
.—Characteristic elements: See Part iv, Chap. I, B.
CONSTITUENTS.—Frangulin, or rhamno-xanthin, C
, is acrystalline, lemon-yellow, odorless, tasteless glucoside; and emodin, areddish principle, exists in the old bark; these develop by age. Twoproducts are obtained from frangulin by hydrolysis—emodin, C
,and rhamnose, C
, Frangula-emodin differs from the rhubarb-emodin in melting-point, and in some color reactions. Senna and aloes
Sayre’s Materia Medica part IV - Page 1