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Optimization Model - Hybrid Car

Optimization Model - Hybrid Car

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Published by Umair Khizar
Self Designed Optimization Model of Hybrid Car.
Just a guide for optimization starters.
Self Designed Optimization Model of Hybrid Car.
Just a guide for optimization starters.

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Published by: Umair Khizar on Aug 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Introduction of the System
.The system chosen for this assignment isHybrid Car which is primarily uses two or more distinct power sources tomove the vehicle. The term most commonly refers tohybridelectric vehicles(HEVs), which combine an internal combustion engine and one or moreelectricmotors. Hybrid Cars are categorized as passenger cars.2.
.To maximize the hp of hybrid vehicle when operating on bothengine and electric vehicle in a manner that it should not increase 150 hp.Figure 1
Sub Systems of the Hybrid Car 
There are various sub systems of the Hybrid Car. The main sub systems of aHybrid Car are as follows;
The Gasoline Engine . Consisting of piston cylinder engine with four valves (2 intake and 2 exhaust) valves for increase of efficiency.
Fuel Tank . Used to supply fuel to gasoline engine or it’s a energystorage device for Hybrid Vehicle.
Electric Motor . On hybrid Cars an electric motor is supposed to bevery sophisticated. Advanced electronics allow it to act as a
motor as well as agenerator 
. For example, when it needs to, it can draw energy from the batteries toaccelerate the car. But acting as a generator, it can slow the car down and returnenergy to the batteries.
Batteries . These are the energy storage device for the electric motor.Unlike the gasoline in the fuel tank, which can only power the gasoline engine, theelectric motor on a hybrid car can put energy into the batteries as well as drawenergy from them.
Transmission . The purpose of transmission is to carry the power of engine or the electric motor to wheels through differential.(Source: http://auto.howstuffworks.com/hybrid-car2.htm)
How Systems Interact with Each Other 
. In a *Hybrid Car like simpler carsEngine, Fuel Tank and the Transmission interact with each other. Owing tolimited number of subsystems the complete power train comprising other elements like steering system, propeller shafts, differentials and half shaftsare not explained here. However, the primary systems can be broken downinto two main systems ie Mechanical and the Electrical. The electrical andmechanical subsystems interact with each other to drive the transmissionthat turns the wheels. The various interactions taking place between thesesub systems can be summarized in the following sequence of action whichtakes place once we turn on the ignition:
Once we turn the ignition, electric motor spins the flywheel as kick start tomove the pistons inside the engine. Once the cylinder which is having its pistonat top dead centre receives the spark, trust is carried to crank shaft through theconnecting rod which gets a rotation. As a result of rotation the other pistonreaches top dead centre and receives the spark, thus giving a thrust tocrankshaft so the cycle goes on. Crankshaft is connected to transmissionthrough power train ie propeller shaft etc. Transmission drives the wheelsthrough the differential and the half shafts. The electric motor is also connected to transmission which is gets power from the batteries. The batteries havelimited power which are required to be recharged through reroute electrical supply. A slice of bread is placed through a slot in the top of the toaster and intothe carriage. Thus combination is a parallel type wherein the engine and electric motor both work to turn the transmission. Thereby lowering the fuel required by a simple passenger car to run. Vehicle is to be designed with 1000 cc wherein anon hybrid vehicle consumes 12 liters/ km.
Hybrid Vehicle – Optimization Model
(*Own description of vehicle function)
Hybrid Vehicle – Optimization Model

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