Batteries . These are the energy storage device for the electric motor.Unlike the gasoline in the fuel tank, which can only power the gasoline engine, theelectric motor on a hybrid car can put energy into the batteries as well as drawenergy from them.
Transmission . The purpose of transmission is to carry the power of engine or the electric motor to wheels through differential.(Source: http://auto.howstuffworks.com/hybrid-car2.htm)
How Systems Interact with Each Other
. In a *Hybrid Car like simpler carsEngine, Fuel Tank and the Transmission interact with each other. Owing tolimited number of subsystems the complete power train comprising other elements like steering system, propeller shafts, differentials and half shaftsare not explained here. However, the primary systems can be broken downinto two main systems ie Mechanical and the Electrical. The electrical andmechanical subsystems interact with each other to drive the transmissionthat turns the wheels. The various interactions taking place between thesesub systems can be summarized in the following sequence of action whichtakes place once we turn on the ignition:“
Once we turn the ignition, electric motor spins the flywheel as kick start tomove the pistons inside the engine. Once the cylinder which is having its pistonat top dead centre receives the spark, trust is carried to crank shaft through theconnecting rod which gets a rotation. As a result of rotation the other pistonreaches top dead centre and receives the spark, thus giving a thrust tocrankshaft so the cycle goes on. Crankshaft is connected to transmissionthrough power train ie propeller shaft etc. Transmission drives the wheelsthrough the differential and the half shafts. The electric motor is also connected to transmission which is gets power from the batteries. The batteries havelimited power which are required to be recharged through reroute electrical supply. A slice of bread is placed through a slot in the top of the toaster and intothe carriage. Thus combination is a parallel type wherein the engine and electric motor both work to turn the transmission. Thereby lowering the fuel required by a simple passenger car to run. Vehicle is to be designed with 1000 cc wherein anon hybrid vehicle consumes 12 liters/ km.
Hybrid Vehicle – Optimization Model