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Zero Discharge - Treatment Options for Textile Dye Effluent:A Case Study at Manickapurampudur Common EffluentTreatment Plant, Tirupur, Tamil Nadu.
S.Eswaramoorthi, K.Dhanapal and J.Karpagam
EPIC in India, No.33, Anugraha Gardens, Central Studio Road, Trichy Main Road,Singanallur, Coimbatore-641005, India.
Ground water quality in Tirupur has been significantly affected due to the discharge of largequantities of textile dye effluent into the Noyyal river - a tributary of Cauvery. This has alsoresulted in contamination of Orathupalayam Dam and caused serious environmental degradationin the downstream areas of Erode and Karur.At present, around 800 individual dying units and, eight Common Effluent Treatment Plants(CETP) are existing in Tirupur which processes textile dye effluent. At one of the CETPs, theManickapurampudur Common Effluent Treatment Plant (MPCETP), our organisation is engagedin the research & development work for the treatment of textile dye effluent for the past 3 years.The treated effluent at this CETP was regularly collected and analysed for pH, total suspendedsolids, TDS, COD, BOD, sodium, chloride, sulphate, sulphide, and trace metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Ni,Cd). The results showed that the treated effluent obeyed the effluent discharge norms of the TamilNadu Pollution Control Board, except TDS.In order to reduce effluent load to the Noyyal river, attempts were made at this CETP toevaporate the effluent using solar energy. Though significant progress has been achieved in thisdirection, due to the concerns on air pollution, this method was abandoned.