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Table Of Contents

2.1.4 Near-field and Far-field Assumption
2.2 Beamforming Techniques
2.2.1 Conventional Beamforming Techniques
2.2.2 Modern Beamforming Techniques
configuration as in Fig. 2.3
2.3 Array with Different Geometry
2.3.1 1-D Array
2.3.2 2-D Array
triangle array (e) octagon array (f) circular array
2.3.3 3-D Array
2.4 Circular Array
2.5 Summary
3.1 Beamforming Using CRA
3.1.1 CRA Structure
3.1.2 Design of the CRA Weights
3.2 Stearns and Stewart’s Method
3.3 Proposed 3-D Array Pattern Synthesis Method
3.3.1 Requirement on Number of Array Elements
3.4.1 Method I: Inter-ring Weights Interpolation
3.4.2 Method II: Inter-ring Weights Design Using MMSE Cri-
(solid line), actual array pattern (dashed line)
3.4.4 Comparison of Method I, II, III
3.5 Broadband Beamforming Implementation
3.5.1 Frequency Domain Broadband Beamformer
3.5.2 Nested Array Design
3.5.3 Linear Constrained Beamformer with Desired Beampat-
respect to R1 is: [1 2 3 4 6 8]
3.6 Experimental Results
3.6.1 Method I
3.6.2 Method II
sized (solid line). The main look direction is φ = 45◦
3.6.3 Method III
3.7 Summary
Design of Adaptive Concentric Ring
4.1 Fully Adaptive CRA
4.1.1 Adaptive Approaches
4.1.2 Broadband Adaptive Beamforming
4.1.3 Summary on Fully Adaptive CRA
4.2 Partially Adaptive CRA
4.2.1 Introduction to Partially Adaptive Array Design
4.2.2 Proposed Partially Adaptive CRA
4.2.3 Adaptive Algorithms
4.2.4 Comparison Between the Fully and Partially Adaptive
4.4 Experimental Results
4.4.1 Adaptation Performance
4.4.2 Comparison of Partitioning Schemes
4.4.3 Broadband Beamforming
in fully adaptive array and Type 1-4 partially adaptive array
4.5 Summary
5.1 Introduction to DOA Estimation
5.1.1 Narrowband DOA Estimation
5.1.2 Broadband DOA Estimation
5.1.3 DOA Estimation Using Circular Arrays
5.2 Proposed Broadband DOA Estimation Method
5.2.1 Signal Model
5.2.2 Focusing Matrices Design Using Frequency Invariant CRA
5.3 Statistical Performance Analysis
5.3.1 Cramer-Rao Lower Bound Analysis
5.4 Experimental Results
5.4.1 Narrowband Beamspace
5.4.2 Proposed Broadband Beamspace Method
Figure 5.4: Incoherent broadband estimator: RMSEs in degrees vs. SNR
5.4.3 Correlated Sources
5.5 Summary
6.1 Overall System Description
6.2 Experimental Results
6.2.1 Array Configuration
6.2.3 Field Data Testing Results
6.3 Summary
Conclusion and Future Work
7.1 Completed Research
7.1.1 Deterministic CRA Design
7.1.2 Adaptive CRA Design
7.1.3 Broadband DOA Estimation
7.1.4 Bird Monitoring Application
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Published by George Mathai

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Published by: George Mathai on Aug 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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