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Welding Dept Safety Meeting

Welding Dept Safety Meeting

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Published by Sadhasivam Velu

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Published by: Sadhasivam Velu on Aug 06, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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GeneralWork Safety
• AllWelding operators, Weldersand shop personnel shall be trained on safeoperation.• Operators shall inspect machine before and after use for any defects.• Eye protection shall be worn at all times.• Always wearcorrect personal protective equipment (PPE) pertaining to the jobtask.• Remove or secure jewelry, long hair, and loose clothing.• Avoid skin contact with metaland welded surface.• Remove all scraps of metal with a brush, NEVER by hand or with an aircompressor gun.• Always receive authorization before working with reactive or harmful emissiongiving metals.
Welding Safety
When welding outside of a designated welding booth, ensure that a University hotwork permit is completed and adequate safeguardsare in place to prevent fire andpersonal injury. Avoid welding on materials such as galvanized or stainless steel inorder to minimize toxic fume exposure. Always utilize mechanical exhaustventilation while welding.Arc Welding Safety• Make sure thework and /or work table is properly grounded.• Inspect your work area thoroughly before beginning.DOES NOT arc weldif it isdamp or substances have apotential to ignite.• Turn the arc welder off before removing any grounds from the table or material.• DO NOT arc weld with skin unprotected. The arc light acts as Ultravioletlight andwill cause something comparableto sunburn.• Avoid clothing that has pockets, or spaces where hot embers may fall into.
16–JULY-21012Welding SafetyEye Protection
There are many hazards associated with welding operations. In fact, over 25% of welding mishaps are injuries to the eye(s). Arcing electricity produces three formsof powerful radiation: infrared, visible light and ultraviolet. Each category presentsa unique set of hazards.
Infrared (IR)
Infrared energy, or heat, is low frequency energy that is not visible. Depending onthe wavelength, infrared light is most damaging to the surface of the eye (cornea)and lens. Overheating of the lens leadsto cataract formation (clouding of thelens).
Visible light is light that you can see. When you see the bright white welding arcyou are only sensing the visible light region (even though there is infrared andultraviolet light being emitted aswell). This intense light can damage the sensingarea (retina) at the back of the eye.
Ultraviolet (UV)
Within the scope of welding, UV light is themost damaging radiation and isabsorbed primarily by the cornea. Eyes can beexposed to an enormous amountof harmful UV light in a very short period of timethrough unprotected viewing ofthearc. Within seconds you can give your corneas severe burns without evenknowingit. The result is photokeratitis (more commonly referred to as ‘Welder’sFlash’ or ‘ArcEye’). Symptoms usually flare up several hours after exposure.Symptoms include light sensitivity, reddening and pain described as sandpaperbehind the eyelids. Fortunately, the eyes typically recover from this burn.Due to the hazards listed above, a welder’s helmet must always be worn.Squintingdoes not help. Many mistakenlybelieve that the shade numbercorresponds to theUV factor; however, this isincorrect. All quality weldinghelmets have lenses thatprovide 100% UV and IR protection, regardless ofshade level. The shade is thereto dim the bright visible light of the arc to preventretinal damage and promoteeasier viewing of the welding work. It is important towear safety glasses with sideshields underneath your helmet. This providesprotectionduring grinding or othercommon operations when the helmet is flippedup.
Housekeeping at Workplace
Effective housekeeping can eliminate some workplace hazards and help get a job done safely and properly. Poor housekeeping can frequently contribute toaccidents by hiding hazards that cause injuries. If the sight of paper, debris, clutterand spills is accepted as normal, then other more serious health and safety hazardsmay be taken for granted.Poor housekeeping can be a cause of accidents, such as:
tripping over loose objects on floors, stairs and platformsbeing hit by falling objectsslipping on greasy, wet or dirty surfacesstriking against projecting, poorly stacked items or misplaced materialcutting, puncturing,or tearing the skin of hands or other parts of the body onprojecting nails, wire or steel strappingTo avoid these hazards, a workplace must "maintain" order throughout a workday.Although this effort requires a great deal of management and planning, the benefitsare many.Effective housekeeping results in:reduced handling to ease the flow of materialsfewer tripping and slipping accidents in clutter-free and spill-free work areasanddecreased fire hazardslower worker exposures to hazardous substances (e.g. dusts,vapours)better control of tools and materials, including inventory and suppliesmore efficient equipment cleanup and maintenancebetter hygienic conditions leading to improved healthmore effective use of spaceand improved moralereduced property damage by improving preventive maintenance.improved productivity (tools and materials will be easy to find).A good housekeeping program identifies and assigns responsibilities for thefollowing:clean up during the shiftday-to-day cleanupwaste disposalremoval of unused materialsinspection to ensure cleanup is complete.

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