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Turbofan Engine New

Turbofan Engine New

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Published by umesh mane

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Published by: umesh mane on Aug 06, 2012
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12/29/2012

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Seminar ReportTurbo Fan Engine
ABSTRACT
 
Engines used in the earlier parts of 20
th
century had deficiencies in spiteof their advantages. The advantages used in those times were Turboprop engines.These engines could produce only 10% of their thrust from the exhaust jet. Theycould not attain high speed.Researches were conducted further, which led to the developments of Turbofan engines. Turbofan engines combined the hot air jet with bypassed air from a fan. This created a quieter engine with greater boost at low speeds,making it a popular choice for commercial airplanes. And due to generation of more thrust for nearly the same amount of fuel, it is highly fuel-efficient.
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Seminar ReportTurbo Fan Engine
CONTENTS
CHAPTERS PAGE NO
1.
INTRODUCTION 1
2.
HISTORY 3
3.
THEORY 6i.PROPULSIONii.TURBOFAN ENGINEiii.JET ENGINE THRUSTiv.THRUST EUATION FOR TURBOJETTYPE ENGINE4.PARTS OF TURBOFAN ENGINE 105.WORKING PRINCIPLE 146.WORKING STAGES OF TURBOFAN ENGINE 187.TYPES OF JET ENGINE 238.DIFFERENT TYPES OF ENGINES 24REFRENCES
LIST OF FIGURES
FIG 1FIG 2FIG 3FIG 4FIG 5FIG 6
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Seminar ReportTurbo Fan Engine 
TURBOFAN ENGINES
INTRODUCTION
Jet Propulsion is the thrust imparting forward motion to an object, as a reactionto the rearward expulsion of a high-velocity liquid or gaseous stream.A simple example of jet propulsion is the motion of an inflated balloon when theair is suddenly discharged. While the opening is held closed, the air pressure within the balloon is equal in all directions; when the stem is released, the internal pressure is lessat the open end than at the opposite end, causing the balloon to dart forward. Not the pressure of the escaping air pushing against the outside atmosphere but the difference between high and low pressures inside the balloon propels it.An actual jet engine does not operate quite as simply as a balloon, although the basic principle is the same. More important than pressure imbalance is the accelerationdue to high velocities of the jet leaving the engine. This is achieved by forces in theengine that enable the gas to flow backward forming the jet. Newton's second lawshows that these forces are proportional to the rate at which the momentum of the gas isincreased. For a jet engine, this is related to the rate of mass flow multiplied by therearward-leaving jet velocity. Newton's third law, which states that every force musthave an equal and opposite reaction, shows that the rearward force is balanced by aforward reaction, known as thrust. This thrusting action is similar to the recoil of a gun,which increases as both the mass of the projectile and its muzzle velocity are increased.High-thrust engines, therefore, require both large rates of mass flow and high jet-exitvelocities, which can only be achieved by increasing internal engine pressures and byincreasing the volume of the gas by means of combustion.Jet-propulsion devices are used primarily in high-speed, high-altitude aircraft, inmissiles, and in spacecraft. The source of power is a high-energy fuel that is burned atintense pressures to produce the large gas volume needed for high jet-exit velocities.The oxidizer required for the combustion may be the oxygen in the air that is drawn intothe engine and compressed, or the oxidizer may be carried in the vehicle, so that theengine is independent of a surrounding atmosphere. Engines that depend on the
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