"Researchers observed lessening of tic frequency and severity 3 minutes after subjects chewed [nicotine] gum, even more so at 10 minutes."
[Rickards E H,
"Nicotine gum in Tourette's disorder,"
AmericanJournal of Psychiatry, 149(3):417, Mar l992. Note: the subjects were all children with Tourette's disorder].
"In humans, nicotine-induced improvement of rapid information processing is particularly well documented.... Preliminary studies have found that some aspects of the cognitive deficit in Alzheimer'sdisease can be attenuated by nicotine."
[Levin E D,
"Nicotinic systems and cognitive function,"
Psychopharmacology, 108(4):417-31, l992]
"Improvement in attention, learning, reaction time, and problem solving have been reported.... Different processes, including attention, stimulus evaluation, and response selection, appear to be involved in theeffect of nicotine on human information processing."
[Le Houezec J, Benowitz N L,
"Basic and clinicalpsychopharmacology of nicotine,"
Clinics in Chest Medicine, 12(4):681-99, Dec l991].
"Despite the absence of change in memory functioning, these results demonstrate that DAT [Alzheimer'sdisease] patients have significant perceptual and visual attentional deficits which are improved by nicotineadministration."
[Jones G M, Sahakian B J, et al,
"Effects of acute subcutaneous nicotine on attention,information processing and short-term memory in Alzheimer's disease,"
"When you look at people who smoke, and people who don't smoke...you find those who smoke cigarettesare about half as likely to get Parkinson's disease."
[Dr. David Morens of the University of Hawaii School of Public Health as quoted in
"Stunned docs discover cigarettes stop Parkinson's,"
by Roger Field, NewYork Post, 6/15/95. Dr. Morens and colleagues examined 34 studies on smoking and Parkinson's. Their study was published in the June, l995 issue of Neurology]. According to a study conducted at Surrey University and published in the journal Psychopharmacology,smokers are more mentally alert at night than non-smokers. Rosemary Brook, spokeswoman for SurreyUniversity's psychopharmacology unit, said,
"The results showed that smokers were subsequently able to perform various tests of reaction, memory recall and other related tasks consistently better than the non-smokers,"
[Reported on the BBC News, 4/8/98, "Cigarettes 'keep you sharp after dark'."In a presentation at the 151st annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association (June 8, l998 inToronto), Dr. Paul Newhouse of the University of Vermont reported on his research on treating Parkinson'sdisease with nicotine.
"Preliminary analysis shows improvements after acute nicotine administration inseveral areas of cognitive performance."
These areas included reaction time and central processing speed.The researchers also reported that after chronic use of nicotine on Parkinson's patients, motor function andthe ability to move also improved. [Reported by Reuters, 6/8/98,
"Nicotine patch promising for Parkinson's"
"The influence of smoking on the risk of developing ulcerative colitis is well documented. Compared withlifetime nonsmokers, the risk is reduced in smokers...."
[Tysk C, Jarnerot G,
"Has smoking changed theepidemiology of ulcerative colitis?"
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, 27(6):508-12, Jun l992].
"When association between cigarette smoking and UC [ulcerative colitis] are examined, never-smokers areapproximately three times more likely to develop UC than smokers. A consistent finding from study to study is that quitters have a mildly increased risk of developing UC which suggests that cigarette smoking may have a protective effect,"
[Lashner B A,
"Inflammatory bowel disease: family patterns and risk factors,"
Comprehensive Therapy, 18(8):2-4, Aug l992].
"It is beyond doubt that smokers are protected against ulcerative colitis, and the more that is smoked thegreater the protection--so those on 25 cigarettes a day or more have a risk as little as one-tenth that of non-smokers,"
(Dr. Martin Osbourne, surgeon at the Royal Free Hospital in London, as quoted in the DailyTelegraph, 9/7/93).