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Table Of Contents

Specifications
2.4 COMPOSITION OF PORTLAND CEMENT
2.4.1 Oxide Composition
2.4.2 Major Constituents of Portland Cement
2.4.3 Minor Constituents
2.5 TYPES OF PORTLAND CEMENT
2.6 BLENDED PORTLAND CEMENTS
2.7.2 Normal Consistency
2.7.3 Time of Setting
2.7.4 Soundness
2.7.5 Strength
2.7.5.2 Effects on Strength Development
2.7.6 Heat of Hydration
2.7.7 Volume Instability (Shrinkage)
2.7.8 Other Properties
2.7.8.4 Air entrainment The
2.8 UNIFORMITY OF CEMENTS
2.9 SAMPLING
2.10 STORAGE OF CEMENTS
Hydration of Portland Cement
3.1 INTRODUCTION
3.2 ReACTIONS IN EARLY HYDRATION AND SETTING
3.3 REACTIONS IN THE HARDENING PROCESS
3.4 MECHANISM OF HYDRATION
3.5 STRUCTURE OF THE CEMENT PASTE
3.5.1 Fresh Paste
3.5.2 Hardened Paste
3.5.3 Porosity
3.5.4 Specific Surface
3.5.5 Models for the Structure of Cement Gel
3.6.1 The Linear Model
Strength
Model for Curing Temperature
3.6.4.1 The Generalization The generalization
3.6.4.4 Interpretation of the Formulas
4.1 INTRODUCTION
4.2 HIGH-ALUMINA CEMENT
4.2.1 History, Manufacture, Hydration
4.2.2 Properties and Applications
4.3 EXPANSIVE CEMENT
4.3.1 Composition
4.3.2 Hydration and Properties
4.4 SPECIAL PORTLAND CEMENTS
4.4.1 White Portland Cement
4.4.2 Colored Cements
4.4.3 Oil-Well Cements
4.4.4 Rapid-Setting Portland Cements
4.4.5 Regulated-Set Cement
4.4.6 Waterproofed cement
4.4.7 Hydrophobic Cement
4.4.8 Antibacterial Cement
4.4.9 Barium Cements and Strontium Cements
4.5 OTHER HYDRAULIC CEMENTING MATERIALS
4.5.1 Hydraulic Lime
4.5.2 Natural Cement
4.5.3 Masonry Cement
4.5.4 Supersulfated Cement
4.5.5 Slag Cement
4.5.6 MgO-Based Cements
4.5.7 Phosphate Cements
4.6 LATENT HYDRAULIC MATERIALS
4.6.1 General
4.6.2 Granulated Blast-Furnace Slags
4.6.3 Pozzolans
4.7 FLY ASH AND SILICA FUME
4.7.1 General
4.7.2 Fly Ash Properties
4.7.3 Test Methods
4.7.4 Strength Development and Hydration
4.7.5 Effects of Fly Ash on Fresh Concrete
The effects of fly ash on fresh concrete are
4.7.6 Effects of Fly Ash on Hardened
4.7.7 Proportioning
4.7.8 Applications
4.7.9 Silica Fume
4.8 SELECTION OF CEMENTS
4.9 FUTURE OF CEMENTS
5.1 INTRODUCTION
5.2 MIXING WATER
5.3 WATER FOR CURING AND WASHING
Admixtures
6.1 INTRODUCTION
6.2 CLASSIFICATION
6.3 AIR-ENTRAINING ADMIXTURES
6.3.1 Air Entrainment
6.3.2 The Admixtures
6.3.4 The Entrained Air
6.3.5 Improvement of Frost Resistance
6.3.6 Test Methods
6.4 ACCELERATING ADMIXTURES
6.4.1 Acceleration
6.4.2 The Admixtures
6.4.3 Effects of Accelerators
6.4.4 Mechanism of Acceleration by CaC12
6.4.5 Chloride-Free Accelerators
SET-CONTROLLING ADMIXTURES
6.5.1 Classification
6.5.2 Conventional Water-Reducing Admixtures
6.5.3 High-Range Water-Reducing Admixtures
6.5.4 Set-Retarding Admixtures
6.6 POLYMERS
6.6.1 General
6.6.2 Latexes
6.7 OTHER CHEMICAL ADMIXTURES
6.7.1 Admixtures for Extreme Consistencies
7.2 CLASSIFICATION OF AGGREGATES
7.3 SAMPLING OF AGGREGATES
Mineral Aggregates-Physical Properties
SUMMARY
8. 2 SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND SOLID
PERMEABILITY
8.4 UNIT WEIGHT, VOIDS CONTENT, AND BULKING
8.6 THERMAL PROPERTIES
8.7 DURABILITY AND SOUNDNESS
8. I. 1 Mechanism of Frost Action in Aggregate
8.7.3 Aggregate and the Soundness of Concrete
8. 7.4 Methods of Testing Frost Resistance
8.7.5 Methods of Testing Soundness
8.8 POROSITY IN AGGREGATES
8. 8.1 Pore Size
8.8.2 Significance of Porosity
8.8.3 Methods of Testing Porosity
8.9 WEAR AND SKID RESISTANCE
8.9.1 Wear Resistance
8. 9.2 Skid Resistance
Chemical Properties of Aggregates
9.1 INTRODUCTION
9.2 DELETERIOUS MATERIALS
9.2.2 Lightweight and Soft Particles
9.2.3 Organic Impurities
9.2.4 Other Impurities
9.2.5 Specifications for Deleterious
9.3 REACTIVITY OF CONCRETE AGGREGATES
9.3.1 Alkali-Silica Reaction
9.3.2 Other Aggregate Reactions
9.3.3 Test Methods and Evaluation of the Results
Geometric Properties of Aggregates
10.1 SHAPE AND SURFACE TEXTURE OF PARTICLES
The shape and surface texture of particles are
10.2 PARTICLE SIZE
10.3 SIEVES AND SCREENS
10.4 GRADING
10.5 SIEVE TEST
10.6 GRADING CURVES
lo. 8 NUMERICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF GRADING
10.9 AVERAGE PARTICLE SIZE OF THE COMPLETE GRADING
Fineness Modulus and Specific Surface
11.1 FINENESS MODULUS
11.3 OPTIMUM FINENESS MODULI
11.4 SPECIFIC SURFACE
Grading Evaluation and Specification
12.1 GRADING EVALUATION
12.2 GRADING SPECIFICATION IN GENERAL
12.3 SPECIFICATION OF MAXIMUM PARTICLE SIZE
12.4 SPECIFICATION OF THE SAND AND FINE SAND CONTENTS
12.5 SPECIFICATION OF THE GRADING CURVE
12.6 GRADING SPECIFICATION WITH LIMIT
12.8 GRADING SPECIFICATIONS WITH PARTICULAR CONDITIONS
12.8.1 Percentage Gradings
12.8.2 Particle Interference
12.8.3 Principle of Maximum Density
12.9 SPECIFICATIONS WITH FINENESS
13.2 NEED FOR BLENDING AGGREGATES
13.3 GENERAL THEORY OF BLENDING
13.4 IMPROVEMENT OF GRADING
13.5 BLENDING OF TWO AGGREGATES
13.6 GRAPHICAL METHODS FOR BLENDING PROPORTIONS
13.7 GRAPHICAL METHOD BY ROTHFUCHS
13.9 THE TRIANGULAR METHOD
FOR BLENDING PROPORTIONS
Lightweight and Heavyweight Aggregates
Handling and Selection of Aggregates
15.1 AGGREGATE HANDLING
15.2 SELECTION OF AGGREGATES
Bibliography
Index
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Concrete Materials - Properties Specifications and Testing

Concrete Materials - Properties Specifications and Testing

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Published by Ismail Rakki

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Published by: Ismail Rakki on Aug 06, 2012
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