Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1


|Views: 124|Likes:
Published by Julian Stevan

More info:

Published by: Julian Stevan on Aug 07, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Women can have various problems with periods / menstruation them. The problemmay be not menstruate at all to severe and prolonged menstruation. Menstrual pattern maybe irregular, but if the distance between menstruation less than 21 days or more than 3months, or if your period lasts more than 10 days then you should be aware of the existenceof ovulation problems or other medical conditions.
Amenorrhea is no menstruation. This term is used for women who have notstarted menstruating after the age of 15 years (primary amenorrhea) and that stopsmenstruation for 3 months, but had been periods (secondary amenorrhea).Primary amenorrhea is usually caused by hormonal disorders or growth problems.Secondary amenorrhea can be caused by low gonadotropin-releasing hormone (menstrualcycle regulator), stress, anorexia, extreme weight loss, thyroid disorders, heavy exercise,birth control pills and ovarian cysts.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a group of physical symptoms, emotions, andbehaviors that commonly occur in the last week of the luteal phase (the week beforemenstruation). Symptoms usually do not begin until 13 days before the cycle, andcompleted within 4 days after bleeding begins.Some of the symptoms of PMS are often perceived:
Breasts become tender and swollen
Depression, irritable, moody and emotional instability
Not interested in sex (decreased libido)
Periodically Acne
Abdominal bloating or cramps
Headaches or joint pain
Difficulty sleeping
Difficult to defecate
Dysmenorrhea is painful menstruation. Menstrual pain occurs in the lowerabdomen but can spread to the lower back and thighs. Pain can also be accompanied bysevere abdominal cramps. Cramps are from contractions in the uterus, which is a normalpart of the process of menstruation, and usually first felt when I started bleeding andcontinues up to 32-48 hours.Dysmenorrhea experienced by adolescents are generally not due to disease(primary dysmenorrhea). On older women, dysmenorrhea can be caused by certaindiseases (secondary dysmenorrhea), such as uterine fibroids, pelvic inflammation,endometriosis or ectopic pregnancy.Symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea can be commuted with a pain reliever / anti-inflammatory such as ibuprofen, ketoprofen and naproxen. Exercise, compress with a hotwater bottle, and warm baths may also relieve pain.When menstrual pain is not relieved by pain medication, then chances aresecondary dysmenorrhea caused by certain diseases.
Menorrhagia is the medical term for excessive menstrual bleeding. In a normalmenstrual cycle, women on average lose about 30 ml of blood for about 7 days of menstruation. If bleeding exceeds 7 days or too heavy (over 80 ml), then categorizedmenorrhagia.The main cause of menorrhagia is an imbalance of estrogen and progesterone inthe body. The imbalance causes the endometrium continues to form. When the body get ridof the endometrium through menstruation, bleeding becomes severe.Menorrhagia may also be caused by thyroid disorders, blood disease, andinflammation / infection of the vagina or cervix.
Abnormal Bleeding
Abnormal vaginal bleeding (excluding menses), among others:
Bleeding between menstrual periods
Bleeding after sex
Bleeding after menopause
Abnormal bleeding caused by many things. Your doctor may start by examiningthe most common problems in your age group. Serious problems such as uterine fibroids,polyps, or even cancer can be the cause of abnormal bleeding.Both the adolescents and women approaching menopause, hormonal changes cancause irregular menstrual cycles.

Activity (3)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
Akhmad Ulil Albab liked this
Indah KaDe liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->