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occurance and abundance of benthos in hatiya and nijhum dweep islands in bangladesh

occurance and abundance of benthos in hatiya and nijhum dweep islands in bangladesh

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Published by: Mohammad Belal Hossain on Aug 07, 2012
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Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 11 (2): 184-188, 2012ISSN 1990-9233© IDOSI Publications, 2012
Corresponding Author:
M. Belal Hossain, Department of Biology, FOS, University Brunei Darussalam,Brunei 1413, Cell: +6738665470.
Occurrence and Abundance of Macrobenthos of Hatiya and Nijhum Dweep Islands, Bangladesh
 M. Asadujjaman, M. Belal Hossain, M. Shamsuddin, M.A. Amin and A.K.M. Azam
Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
Department of Biology, FOS, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei 1413
Fisheries and Marine science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Banglades
The present study was undertaken to know the distribution of intertidal macrobenthos of Hatiya andNijhum Dweep during premonsoon (January-June, 2010). The macrobenthos of Hatiya and Nijhum Dweep werecollected by using hand-held mud corer (10 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm) having a mouth opening of 0.01 m from seven
different stations. A total of 10 major groups/taxa were identified during premonsoon from all stations. Themaximum density (4511 individual /m) was found at Nijhum Dweep Namar Bazar and the minimum (433
individual /m) at Nalchira Ghat. The macrobenthos included polychaetes (45.03 %), oligochaetes (16.65 %),
shrimp larvae (13.93 %), crab (9.63 %), gastropods (3.56 %), isopods (1.15 %), bivalves (1.15 %), copepods(0.73 %), annelids (0.42 %), amphipods (0.63 %) and others (7.12 %). Polychaetea, oligochaetea, shrimp larvaeand crab contributed 85.24 % of total population. Polychaete was dominant by contributing 45.03 % of totalmacrobenthos. The information which is included here can be used to measure the impact of pollution, toconserve biodiversity of those area and anyone can use for further study.
Key words:
Intertidal Zone
Hatiya and Nijhum Dweep
large area of mangrove mudflats, tidal creeks, reed bedsMacrobenthos are an important and integralfrequently subjected to tropical cycles, erosion andcomponent of all aquatic ecosystems which lives on, in orstrong wave action.near the bottom of water bodies [1] Benthic organismsAlthough globally macrobenthos have been muchserve as direct food for other higher trophic organismsstudied but in Bangladesh the published information on(fin and shell fishes) and act as ecological engineermacrobenthos of coastal area is scanty. Sharif [7] andrecycling the organic matter and other debris [2].Hossain [1,3] gave an idea on the Macrobenthos of They have been used for long time as indicator of waterMeghna River estuary which deals with the benthosand sediment quality by major biomonitoring programsdistribution of the Hatiya Island that included only one[2]. Some benthic organisms (shrimp, crab, oyster, clampoint of this Island and their study did not cover Nijhumetc.) are important source of protein for human and someDweep as well. So the aim of this study is to document theare used as ingredients for fish and poultry feedabundance and composition of macrobenthos aroundproduction [3]. Lime and pearl are two important productsHatiya and Nijhum Dweep Islands.of Macrobenthos [4]. Longhust [5] first investigated therelationship between demersal fish and soft bottom
benthos in a West African estuary and found thatmacroinvertebrates were the main diet for fish. These
Sampling Locations:
The samples were collected fromorganisms link the producers and with higher tropicseven stations of Hatiya Island and two stations of levels. Nijhum Dweep (Fig. 1).Hatiya and Nijhum Dweep are the two islands underthe Noakhali district located in the northern part of Bay of 
Nalchira Ghat:
Nalchira Ghat is situated in the northernBengal and southern part of Bangladesh. They occupy apart of Hatiya and southern part of Noakhali. It iswith high biodiversity [6]. These two islands are
 Middle-East J. Sci. Res., 11 (2): 184-188, 2012
185Fig. 1: Sampling locations of Hatiya and Nijhum Dweep Islands, Bangladesh.subjected to high erosion. Salinity varied from 3-12 ppt.
Tamaruddin Ghat:
It is located at the west of the OjkhaliIn this sandy area tidal influence is strong. TemperatureBazar (Hatiya Upazila). Tidal influence is very strong here.varied from 25-32°C at this area.Samples were collected from sandy bottom erosion area.
Kazir Bazar:
The station is located at the east of the3-15 ppt.Ojkhali Bazar (Hatiya Upazila). Tidal influence is active.Samples were collected from clay bottom area. It is
Nijhum Dweep Trawler Ghat:
It is located at southernsubjected to erosion. Average temperature and salinitypart of Hatiya and northern part of Nijhum Dweep. Tidalare 28°C and 4-12 ppt. influence is active here. Salinity varied from 10-20 ppt and
Surjamukhi Bazar:
It is situated in the south-easternbottom area. It is subjected to high erosion.area from Ojkhali Bazar. Tidal influence is active. Sampleswere collected from clay bottom area. It is not subjected
Nijhum Dweep Namar Bazar:
It is located at southernto erosion. Average temperature and salinity are 25-27°Cmost part of Hatiya. Salinity varied from 15-25 ppt andand 4-12 ppt.temperature 25-33°C. Tidal influence is active and water
Charchenga Ghat:
The station is situated in the south-western part of Ojkhali Bazar. Tidal influence is strong.
Sample Collection and Analysis:
The seven workingSamples were collected from sandy bottom area. It isstations were selected in different parts of Hatiya andsubjected to high erosion. Temperature varied fromNijhum Dweep. Each station was divided into three25-31°C and salinity 8-15 ppt.sub-stations (sub-station=01, sub-station=02 andTemperature varied from 22-29°C and salinity ranged fromtemperature 25-30°C. Samples were collected from claybody is turbid. It is used as fishing zone.
 Middle-East J. Sci. Res., 11 (2): 184-188, 2012
186sub-station=03). Three replicate samples were collectedfrom each station with hand-held mud corer (10 cm x 10 cmx 10 cm) having a mouth opening of 0.01 m during
pre-monsoon (January-June, 2010). The sampler waspushed into the sediment and sediment of the corer wastaken in polyethylene bags and marked over the bags bya marker pen. Replicate samples were taken from intertidalarea of the stations. The sediment samples weretransferred from polyethylene bag to bucket and mix withwater. Then the mixed water passed through a hand-sievewith 0.5 mm mesh. The sieved organism were preservedwith other residues in the plastic container with 10%buffered formalin and labeled and then transferred tolaboratory for further analysis. In the laboratory, smallamount of “Rose Bengal” was added to increase visibilityof organisms. For identification, the samples were takeninto a round transparent Petri dish (diameter 15 cm anddepth 2 cm) and placed on a white paper background forthe easy contrast of vision. Organisms were sorted andenumerated under major taxa and preserved in small vialsby using small brush or forceps. Binocular microscopewith digital camera, model No: XSZ21-05DN) was used toidentify and capture the image of benthos. An attempt hasbeen made to identify the macrobenthos up to genus orspecies level but due to time limitation, lack of fund andappropriate literature it was not possible.
Quantitative distribution of intertidal Macrobenthicof Hatiya and Nijhum Dweep has been furnished inTable (1, 2) and Figures (2, 3). The fauna comprised 10taxa.
Presence of polychaetes were thehighest (682.54 ind./m) among macrobenthos. They were
limited at Nalchira
due to pressure of humanactivities. Maximum value (2588.89 ind./m) was found at
Nijhum Dweep Namar Bazar and minimum (44.44 ind./m)
at Nalchira Ghat. They were common at all stations.
Olygochaetes were common at allstations and occupied second position as regardsabundance of total Macrobenthos. The maximumvalue (888.89 ind./m) was recorded at Nijhum Dweep
Namar Bazar and the minimum (22.22 ind./m) value was
recorded at Tamaruddin Ghat and Nijhum Dweep Trawlerghat.
Table 1:Group/taxa-wise total abundance of macrobenthos in all stationsat Hatiya and Nijhum Dweep.SpeciesIndividual/mPercentage (%)Rank of abundance
Polychaetea682.5445.031Oligochaeta252.3816.652Shrimp larvae211.1113.933Bivalvia17.461.157copepoda11.110.738Crab146.039.634Amphipoda9.520.639Isopoda17.461.157Gastropoda53.973.566Annelida6.350.4210Others107.947.125Total1515.87100.00Table 2:Station wise total abundance of macrobenthos at Hatiya andNijhum DweepPercentageRank oStation NameIndividual/m(%)Individual
Nalchira Ghat433.334.057Kazir Bazar1033.339.674Surjamukhi Bazar2100.0019.652Charchenga Ghat1555.5614.553Tamaruddin ghat566.675.305Nijhum Dweep Namar Bazar4511.1142.201Nijhum Dweep Trawler Ghat488.894.576Total10688.89100.00
Fig. 2:Percentage composition of macrobenthos in thestudy area.Fig. 3:Percentage composition of macrobenthos at eachstation.

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