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pond culture management of bangladesh

pond culture management of bangladesh

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Published by: Mohammad Belal Hossain on Aug 07, 2012
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Int.J. BioRes. 6 (6): 53-60 June, 2009 Sharmeen and Hossain
Sharmeen, R. and
M. Belal Hossain1. Department of Zoology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh2. Lecturer, Department of Fisheries and Marine Science,Noakhali Science and Technology, University, Sonapur, Noakhali-3802, Bangladesh.
Corresponding Author
s email: belalhossian@yahoo.com
The present study was carried out on 20 sampling ponds at Rajshahi City Corporation during the periodfrom August, 2004 to April, 2005. Pre-stocking, stocking and post-stocking management were takeninto consideration. Pre-stocking management include removable of predatory and weed fishes, limingand use of fertilizers. Several species of fishes were stocked at different densities in the ponds. Threegroups of fish seeds, namely sac fry/spawn, fry and fingerlings were stocked in the ponds. Sac fry werestocked in 4 ponds, fry in 2 ponds and fingerlings in the remaining 14 ponds at different combination.In post stocking management fertilizers were used daily, weekly and monthly. Supplementary feeds of different variety were applied daily and on weekly basis. Gross production of fry, fingerlings andmarketable fishes were 2337.02±96.97 kg/ha/yr, 6065.79±849.7 kg/ha/yr and 4774.98±7115.36kg/ha/yr respectively. Stocking of wild fry should be avoided. Farmers should focus more on followingthe scientific culture management. In winter feeding rate should be 1-2% of body weight. Partialharvest and restocking should be done in order to increasing production.
Key word:
Fish seeds, culture management, supplementary feeds, fish production.
The geographical position and environmental condition of Bangladesh is very suitable for fish culture. Despitethe enriched fish fauna, the increasing demand of fish is not possible to fulfill for the growing population of thecountry by capturing fish from the nature only. In this situation emphasis should be given in the field of semi-intensive culture technique or an improved traditional culture method. Ameen
et al
. (1983) reported 2305kg/ha/yr production of carps from semi-intensive ponds.Like other area in the country, the Rajshahi City Corporation has several hundred ponds and ditches of varioussizes. For the last decades these are used as either rearing or stocking ponds for pisciculture. Ponds are the mostimportant yielding fields for aquatic life. The fish farmers of Bangladesh mostly follow the traditional carpculture methods. However, a number of pond owners are now trying to improve the traditional culture methodby fertilizing the waterbodies. Post-stocking management has been producing higher quantity of fishes(Alikunhi
et al
. 1971, Singh
et al
. 1975, Dinesh
et al
. 1986, Uddin
et al
. 1988). The present work was aimed tofind out the culture management and production status of fish ponds within the Rajshahi City Corporation.
The study was conducted on 20 ponds belonging to 11 growers within Rajshahi City Corporation. For collectingdata on various aspects of culture management and fish production status three methods were used- interview,
Int.J. BioRes. 6 (6): 53-60 June, 2009 Sharmeen and Hossain
photograph and direct observation. For collecting data both individual and group interviews were conducted. Inmost of the cases, a range of PRA tools were applied with different degree of effectiveness of the farmers
 information. The data were collected fortnightly from August, 2004 to April, 2005.All the collected information were accumulated and analyzed and then presented in textual, tabular andgraphical forms to understand the culture management and production status of the studied ponds.
Out of the 20 sampling ponds 18 were perennial and 2 were seasonal ponds. Among these 20 ponds 4 werenursery ponds, 2 were rearing and 14 were stocking ponds.
Pre-stocking management
Aquatic weeds were removed by mechanical method in most of the ponds during the prestocking management.Hand scythe was used to remove aquatic weeds. Pesticides were used in 14 ponds for removing unwanted andpredatory fishes, while 6 pond owners used only netting method. Quick fume was the most used pesticide (12ponds) and second largely (6 ponds) was Sumithion (Table-1). Quick fumes were tablets that were applied at therate of 1897.79 tablets /ha /yr. Alikunhi (1957) reported that rotenone was the safe insecticide and the safeconcentrations of up to 20 ppm and under tropical temperatures the toxicity continued from 8-12 days. Limewas applied in 18 ponds during prestocking management and the mean amount was 311.40 kg /ha /yr (Table-1).Cowdung was the most common organic fertilizer (15 ponds) used during prestocking management at the rate of 1669.82 kg/ha/yr (Table-1). Among the inorganic fertilizers urea (16 ponds) was used at the rate of 320.22kg/ha/yr and triple super phosphate (TSP) (14 ponds) 196.67 kg/ha/yr (Table-1). Murite of potash (MP) wasused in only 1 pond at the rate of 7.49 kg/ha/yr (Table-1).Table1. Quantity of pesticide, lime and fertilizers used during pond preparation.
Inputs Type No. of ponds Minimum Maximum Mean±SD
PesticidesQuick fume(Tab/ha/yr)12 1575 2909.1 1897.79±986.85Rotenone(kg/ha/yr)1 5.62 5.62 5.62±0Sumithion(ml/ha/yr)6 750.50 750.50 750.50±0Nogos(ml/ha/yr)1 2500.00 2500.00 2500.00±0Lime (kg/ha/yr) 18 51.28 655.43 311.40± 148.37OrganicfertilizerCowdung(kg/ha/yr)15 242.42 7125.70 1669.82± 1597.82InorganicfertilizersUrea(kg/ha/yr)16 151.52 751.88 320.22± 146.18TSP (kg/ha/yr) 14 100 375.94 196.67± 60.25MP (kg/ha/yr) 1 7.49 7.49 7.49±0Wahab
et al
. (1994) reported the composite culture of Indian major carps, where the ponds were fertilized withcowdung 1.4 kg/dec + urea 0.03 kg/dec + TSP 0.02 kg/dec daily; cowdung 10.3 kg/dec + urea 0.2 kg/dec + TSP
Int.J. BioRes. 6 (6): 53-60 June, 2009 Sharmeen and Hossain
0.2 kg/dec weekly and cowdung 22.2 kg/dec + urea 0.5 kg/dec + TSP 0.4 kg/dec fortnightly. The yields of different species of fishes in different treatment were 7.5 kg/dec; 6.8 kg/dec and 6.5 kg/dec respectively.
Stocking management
Different species of fishes and shell fishes were stocked in the ponds, such as rui (
 Labeo rohita
), catla (
), mrigal (
Cirrhina mrigala
), silver carp (
 Hypophthalmichthys molitrix
), bighead carp (
 Aristichthys nobilis
),grass carp (
Ctenopharyngodon idella
), mirror carp (
Cyprinus carpio
), common carp (
), black carp (
 Mylopharyngodon pisceum
), sarpunti (
Puntius gonionotus
), ilishbata andprawn (
 Macrobrachium rosenbergii
). Three groups of fish seed was stocked in different sampling ponds, whichwere sac fry / spawn, fry and fingerlings. Group-I consisted of sac fry / spawn, which were found in 4 nurseryponds. First preferred species was rui (18%) and catla (18%), second was mrigal (16%) and silver carp (16%)(Fig 1).
Fig 1. Showing stocking combination of sac fry in four nurserypond (Group I)rui18%catla18%mrigal16%silvercarp16%grasscarp10%sarpunti7%bigheadcarp15%
 Group-II consisted of fry, which was found in 2 rearing ponds, and first preferred species was rui (20%) andcatla (20%), second was mrigal (15%) and silver carp (15%) (Fig 2).

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