Int.J. BioRes. 6 (6): 53-60 June, 2009 Sharmeen and Hossain
PRESENT STATUS OF CULTURE MANAGEMENT AND PRODUCTION STATUS IN VARIOUSLEASED OUT FISH PONDS OF RAJSHAHI CITY CORPORATION
Sharmeen, R. and
M. Belal Hossain1. Department of Zoology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh2. Lecturer, Department of Fisheries and Marine Science,Noakhali Science and Technology, University, Sonapur, Noakhali-3802, Bangladesh.
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The present study was carried out on 20 sampling ponds at Rajshahi City Corporation during the periodfrom August, 2004 to April, 2005. Pre-stocking, stocking and post-stocking management were takeninto consideration. Pre-stocking management include removable of predatory and weed fishes, limingand use of fertilizers. Several species of fishes were stocked at different densities in the ponds. Threegroups of fish seeds, namely sac fry/spawn, fry and fingerlings were stocked in the ponds. Sac fry werestocked in 4 ponds, fry in 2 ponds and fingerlings in the remaining 14 ponds at different combination.In post stocking management fertilizers were used daily, weekly and monthly. Supplementary feeds of different variety were applied daily and on weekly basis. Gross production of fry, fingerlings andmarketable fishes were 2337.02±96.97 kg/ha/yr, 6065.79±849.7 kg/ha/yr and 4774.98±7115.36kg/ha/yr respectively. Stocking of wild fry should be avoided. Farmers should focus more on followingthe scientific culture management. In winter feeding rate should be 1-2% of body weight. Partialharvest and restocking should be done in order to increasing production.
Fish seeds, culture management, supplementary feeds, fish production.
The geographical position and environmental condition of Bangladesh is very suitable for fish culture. Despitethe enriched fish fauna, the increasing demand of fish is not possible to fulfill for the growing population of thecountry by capturing fish from the nature only. In this situation emphasis should be given in the field of semi-intensive culture technique or an improved traditional culture method. Ameen
. (1983) reported 2305kg/ha/yr production of carps from semi-intensive ponds.Like other area in the country, the Rajshahi City Corporation has several hundred ponds and ditches of varioussizes. For the last decades these are used as either rearing or stocking ponds for pisciculture. Ponds are the mostimportant yielding fields for aquatic life. The fish farmers of Bangladesh mostly follow the traditional carpculture methods. However, a number of pond owners are now trying to improve the traditional culture methodby fertilizing the waterbodies. Post-stocking management has been producing higher quantity of fishes(Alikunhi
. 1971, Singh
. 1975, Dinesh
. 1986, Uddin
. 1988). The present work was aimed tofind out the culture management and production status of fish ponds within the Rajshahi City Corporation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The study was conducted on 20 ponds belonging to 11 growers within Rajshahi City Corporation. For collectingdata on various aspects of culture management and fish production status three methods were used- interview,