J. of Nuclear Sci. and Tech.
No. 50, pp. 80-84, 2010
Polymethylmethacrylate/Silver Nanocomposite Prepared by
, N. Sheikh*
, R. Beteshobabrud
1- Chemistry Department, Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box: 14155-4838, Tehran - Iran2- Radiation Applications Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, AEOI, P.O. Box: 11365-3486, Tehran - Iran
Polymethylmethacrylate-silver (PMMA/Ag) nanocomposite is synthesized by irradiating thesolution of silver ions in methylmethacrylate monomer by
-ray. In this method, polymerization of themethylmethacrylate monomer and the silver ion reduction occurred simultaneously. Optical properties of the PMMA/Ag solutions are investigated using UV-Vis spectroscopy. The structural characterizations of the PMMA/Ag nanocomposite are determined by FTIR spectroscopy XRD, and SEM measurements. TheSEM image shows that the Ag nanoparticles disperse in the PMMA matrix with a relatively uniformdistribution. The antibacterial studies show that the PMMA/Ag nanocomposite is antibacterial against E.coli, as a model for gram-negative bacteria.
Polymethylmethacrylate, Silver, Nanocomposite,
Metal-polymer nanocomposites haveattracted considerable amount of interests inrecent years. They have a wide range of applications in nonlinear optical materials ,conductive composites  and nanoscaleelectronics . In general, metal polymernanocomposites are prepared by homogenizingpolymer and nanometer metal powder ,post-heating or calcining metal ion containingpolymers [5 and 6], migrating the vapor of
particles of noble metals into polymer matrices, and reducing metal ions in polymer gels .
PMMA/Ag nanocomposites are speciallyused in medical and dental devices for theirantibacterial effects which are due to thepresence of silver nanoparticles [9, 10]. It hasbeen shown that morphology, particle sizedistribution, stability and properties of silvernanoparticles as well as correspondingnanocomposites are strongly dependent on themethod of preparation and specificexperimental conditions. Many routes havebeen reported to synthesis silver nanoparticlesin PMMA [11, 12]. In these methods, thepolymerization of organic monomer isperformed initially and then the silver ions,dispersed in the polymer matrix, are reduced tozerovalent state by a reducing agent or by heattreatment. This, results in a wide distributionand poor dispersion of metal particles in thepolymer matrix.
Recently, the radiochemical method has beenreported to synthesize metal polymernanocomposites due to its unique advantages.In this method the reduction of metal ions andpolymerization of monomer can be carried outsimultaneously under the normal pressure atroom temperature without using excessivereduction of agents. This matter inducesformation of homogenously dispersed metalnanoparticles in polymer matrix. Althoughseveral papers have been published on theradiation-induced synthesis of metal polymernanocomposites [13, 14], to our knowledge,there is no any report on the use of
-irradiationto produce PMMA/Ag nanocomposite. In thispaper, we employed
-irradiation to producePMMA/Ag nanocomposite in which thereduction of silver ions and the polymerizationof methyl- methacrylate monomer occursimultaneously at an appropriate applied doseof
2-1 Materials and method
All chemicals were of analytical gradeprovided by Merck Company. Distilled waterfor sample preparation made by GFL Co. waterpurification system. Gamma irradiation was
Co radiation facility, Gammacell-220, with a dose rate of 18.6Gy/min calibrated byFricke dosimeter.
Data of Receive: 1387/11/8 Data of Admission: 1388/6/19